cognitive notes (dragged) 9.pdf - \u25cb 1 selectivity we focus mental effort on specific stimuli while ignoring others Decay theory\u200b time causes

cognitive notes (dragged) 9.pdf - ○ 1 selectivity we...

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1) selectivity- we focus mental effort on specific stimuli while ignoring others 1/14/19 Decay theory - time causes forgetting What does not improve memory? Repetition- can improve memory but not as well as other techniques Intention to remember does not always help memory performance Making an effort to remember something doesn’t always improve memory Levels of processing theory - the more deeply something is processed, the more likely it is to be remembered Deep processing leads to better memory Deep- engaging in pleasantness task, have to think about meaning of the word Shallow- letter a test, does the word have letter a, don’t have to think about meaning of word or even read word Levels of processing Three processing tasks
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Unformatted text preview: ○ Case: capital letters ○ Rhyme: rhyme with ○Sentence: fit in sentence ● Measured recognition performance ○ Incidental memory task ●Engaged in uppercase or lowercase task memory was really bad ● Rhyme was intermediate ●Fit word in sentence had good performance ○ Sentence task is a very deep task Processing time ●Structural task (shallow) ○ Note pattern of consonant e.g. “brain”= ccvvc ● Semantic task (deep) ○ Does a word fit in a sentence ● Deep task take longer to complete ●Find a deep task that takes less time to complete than a shallow test ● Deep task still led to better memory even tho shallow task took more time to complete ● Get rid of processing time critique Definite depth of processing...
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