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Running head: Advanced Information Management 1Advanced Information Management and the Application of TechnologyWestern Governors University
ADVANCED INFORMATION MANAGEMENT 2Advanced Information Management Healthcare organizations are usually part of a larger system that is managed by an off-sitecorporate office. When small medical centers and facilities merge with these large healthcare systems, changes are needed to allow alignment with culture and communication. These changes include the need for implementing a health information system that meets the need of the entire corporate system and meets the standards set forth by Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act (HITECH) and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPPA). Health care information systems (HIS) are operational systems that allow classification of information, administrative systems that enable managing patient data, financial systems for tracking revenue and billing, and electronic medical records (EMR) or electronic health records (EHR).Advantages and Disadvantages of a SystemThe adoption and advancement of technology is quickly changing the landscape of the healthcare industry. There are advantages and disadvantages to any health information systems. According to Menachemi and Collum (2011), benefits include reduced medical errors, improved quality of care, financial and operational benefits, improved population health, improved ability to conduct research, and reduced costs. The issues include privacy concerns, high upfront acquisition costs, ongoing maintenance cost, and disruption to clinical workflows that contribute to a temporary loss in productivity while learning a new system. Human error is also a huge threat to the success of a HIS. Staff may not use the system as designed which decreases it usefulness. A HIS needs four factors need to be considered to determine all the advantages and disadvantages of a system. These factors include usability, interoperability, scalability, and compatibility.
ADVANCED INFORMATION MANAGEMENT 3Usability refers to the ease with which a task can be completed and is a critical attribute to determining an applications quality (Alshamari, 2016). When a health information system is implemented, developers must question whether it is effective, efficient, and if those using the application will be able to quickly adapt. The main advantage to good usability is a reduction in medical errors. When data is entered electronically, there is no handwriting to decipher and no medication dosage concerns. Other advantages of good usability include a reduction in cost of service and accuracy in record keeping. Patient data can be entered at the bedside at the time of care saving transcription time less room for provider or nurse error. Usability also allows patientsto be more involved in their own care and better able to take ownership of their health.