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hw4 - ʃ in the same place in the word but have different...

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Lexie Linder LING 1101 Problem Set #4 1. i) These high vowels only become voiceless between two voiceless stop or fricative consonants. Lower vowels do not have this problem, nor does it exist when [u] and [i] occur next to a voiced consonant. ii)These allophones only appear between two [+consonantal] [-voice] [-sonorant] [-syllabic] sounds. The vowels are [+high] and [+tense]. 2. i) There are multiple examples of minimal pairs in this sample. They are [m ska] and [m ka], ɪ ɪʃ [sapka] and [ apka], [s la] and [ ila], [sum] and [ um], [sud ] and [s ʃ ɪ ʃ ʃ ɪ j ud ], and [posadu] and ɪ [pos j adu].[s j om j] and [ ost j] is a near-minimal pair. ɪ ʃ ɪ ii)[l ɪ s], [l s ɪ j ], and [l ] form a minimal triplet. ɪʃ iii) The [s], [s j ], and [ ] are in contrastive distribution. As seen in the previous question, they all occur
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Unformatted text preview: ʃ in the same place in the word but have different meanings. iv) [ ʃ j ] only occurs before the vowel [I]. This can be seen in [ ʃ j ist j ] and [ko ʃ j i]. They both exhibit this pattern even though the consonant [ ʃ j ] occurs at different points in the words v)This consonant, [ ʃ j ], is not contrastive in Ukrainian. 3. The voiceless fricatives [x] and [ç] are different phonemes in German. [x] only comes after back vowels, in particular in this data set: [a], [u], [ ], [o], and [ ]. This is because both of these ɔ ʊ sounds are made in the back of the mouth. [ç] comes after front vowels and glides; in this data set, the vowels [i], [ ], [ ], and [ü] and the glides [l] and [r]. ɪ ɛ...
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