midterm - 8/27 what is civilization Comes from Latin...

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8/27 what is civilization? Comes from Latin “civitas”, commonwealth=city. In Egypt and mesopotamia(fertile crescent)-fertile soil near rivers:agriculture large and specialized labor force strong government control nature, expand technology, trade and competition wealthier class able to develop arts and writing cuneiform Sumerian city-states cooperation and conflict hammurabi's code mostly collection of crimes and punishments(class-based) polytheistic-forces of nature and human desires ziggurat Egypt settled around Nile-more land utilized, larger population sacred monarchy-pharaoh=god pyramids invented solar calendar these civilizations declined after ~1200 BCE Persians cyrus the great conquers most of central and western asia military and naval power. Political prowess, willing to negotiate and tried to seem legitimate. Provincial government.
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