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Unformatted text preview: ▪ Individualistic-breaks down Athenian social networks. The state should be governed by a philosopher-king---line is blurred between Plato and Socrates in the former's writings. • In ancient world in general, thought needed to be in cohesive units to survive-thinking in collective terms. Group-think ▪ executed b/c quasi-atheistic-renounces pantheon of gods. Many of students went into exile and ◦ Plato(427-347 BCE) returns-starts school (the Academy) with tuition. Attracted a lot of students. ▪ (in readings-status of slavery and women) ▪ cave allegory-when in cave, can only see the shadows made from the fire (we think we know whats going on around us, but its all an illusion). ..have to break free of chains and go out into daylight. At first blinded, but then when see real sunlight will never want to return to cave. ▪ Reality exists “beyond the cave”-in an ulterior realm. Purely in the mind. Math is most pure form of rational thought...
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2009 for the course HIST 1510 taught by Professor Corpis, d during the Fall '08 term at Cornell.
- Fall '08
- CORPIS, D
- The Republic