CEIE 340 Lecture 1 Introduction

CEIE 340 Lecture 1 Introduction - Introduction Water...

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1 Water Resource Engineering CEIE 340 Introduction Sayedul H. Choudhury, Ph.D. Class Website Login at http://gmu.blackboard.com Go to the CEIE 340 Blackboard
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2 Water Resource Engineering s Water resources engineering studies the collection and management of water as a natural resource. s It relates to the prediction and management of both the quality and the quantity of water in both underground (aquifers) and above ground (lakes, rivers, and streams) resources. s It combines hydrology, environmental science, meteorology, geology, conservation, chemistry and resource management. Hydrology s Hydrology is the study of the movement, and distribution of water throughout the Earth. s Originated from the Greek words hudōr , which means “water,” and –logy , which means “a study of.” s Explains the “Hydrologic Cycle.” s Allows us to predict the quantity of water available at a specific location and time. s The main focus of this course will be hydrology.
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3 Inventory of Water at the Earth’s Surface Reservoir Volume (cubic km x 10,000,000) Percent of Total Oceans 1370 97.25 Ice Caps and Glaciers 29 2.05 Groundwater 9.5 0.68 Lakes 0.125 0.01 Soil Moisture 0.065 0.005 Atmosphere 0.013 0.001 Streams and Rivers 0.0017 0.0001 Biosphere 0.0006 0.00004 Only 3.75% of all water on earth is freshwater Inventory of Water at the Earth’s Surface
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4 Applications of Hydrology b Water balance b Navigation b Flooding b Landslide b Drought b Irrigation b Drinking water b Hydroelectric power b Bridge, levee and dam b Urban drainage b Water quality b Riparian restoration Hydrology and Engineering Design s Factors contributing to the ineffectiveness of engineering design: s Hydrologic uncertainty s Economic limitations s Lack of theory and observed data
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5 Hydrologic Cycle Individual Processes s
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2009 for the course CEIE 340 taught by Professor Choudhury during the Spring '09 term at George Mason.

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CEIE 340 Lecture 1 Introduction - Introduction Water...

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