Lecture 3 - Lecture3 17:31 .causalresearch o o :

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Lecture 3 17:31 Correlational research vs. causal research Correlational – looking at relationship between two variables o Can’t create a causal relationship o Third variable problem: there may be a third variable that causes  something but you don’t know it Causal – control over all the variables of relevance except the one you are  going to measure and draw conclusions about o Manipulate whatever you want and examine what you want to measure Freud’s theories Development of psychopathology – lots of problems Treatments – effective Freud Every behavior is determined o No slips of the tongue, mistakes There is an unconscious o Part of the mind that the patient is unaware of and is going to control a lot  of their behavior Childhood is critical o As opposed to adolescence and adulthood Depth Hypothesis Almost all mental activity occurs unconsciously Depth – unconscious is at a deeper level than the conscious Conscious (surface) mental activity vs. Unconscious proper o Unconscious proper - warehouse of material that is actively forgotten Actively forgotten (repression) – actively pushing material from the 
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  • Spring '08
  • DR.NOONBERG
  • Id, ego, and super-ego, pleasure principle, immediate gratification, term gratification Ego, aggressive impulses Ego

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