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Unformatted text preview: 10-22-09 Historical development as a concept:- newest area- 1801: Penel introduced concept “mani sans delire” to describe group of individuals who were o non-psychotic o Irrational behavior – no reasons for someone to behave in a certain way o Intact powers of intellect – absence of psychosis, normal intelligence o Prior to this, anyone w/ irrational behavior was viewed to have psychotic characteristics- 1837: Pritchard wrote book “Treatis on Insanity” o Used concept “moral insanity” o Describing groups of patients who showed morbid perversion of natural feelings – disturbed emotional responses and disturbed habits o A mad disposition - emotional rxn was not connected to logic (eg: being afraid when theres nothing to be afraid of) o w/out any remarkable disorder of knowing and reasoning – group of patients who’s emotional responses are not related to the situation Comprehension was intact and reasoning (figuring out the situation) is okay (??) • they understand the situation but their reaction to the situation is off-key- Freud: opinion that personality (character) is result of unconscious conflicts that express themselves in disturbance of emotional/ behavioral responses Definition of Personality Disorder- good consensus of how to define- severity: more severe/disturbed than neurotics- adaptive impairment – poor ability to deal w/ world’s demands- consistent w/ self concept (but neurotics aren’t happy w/ themselves)- ego-sentonic- Millon: 1981 – argued that personality disorder is deeply etched and pervasive characteristic of functioning that unfolds/develops as product of interplay of constitutional and experiencial influences o Not superficial, minor problem – much deeper and thoroughly ingrained in character o Pervasive – not something that shows up at certain times, shows up EVERYWHERE and with EVERYONE; however patient approaches life, it’s pervasive o Interplay – constitutional factors (genetic inheritance) and experiencial (environment) combines together to make up person To some degree, demeanor and temperament is inherited Determines how rxn to experiencial things unfold o Characterizes: all display 3 primary features 1. adaptive inflexibility – individual’s are not flexible and don’t change behavior to adapt from one situation to another situation...
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2009 for the course PSYCH 200.212 taught by Professor Dr.noonberg during the Spring '08 term at Johns Hopkins.
- Spring '08