Art History - 9 /23/09 Olympia,templeofZeus47057BCE

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9/23/09 Olympia, temple of Zeus 470-57 BCE uniformity, simple relationship to one another - mercantile quality - mass produced identifiable elements, great clarity that  results form mathematical harmony Pheidia, Zeus, third quarter of 5 th  c. BCE 11 ft high, life-size Wood structure, garments covered in gold and flesh were ivory - Theme: giving gods their due by refashioning their spoils  from victory; commemorating a great victory Timphenum?  Careful balancing of sculptural demands Apollo – chief figure made largest and center o Set up parataxis; juxtaposing different things o Athletic statues Making connect to god Apollo and athletes  who were men ‘perfected’ – greek ideal Men can be god-like if they subject their  bodies and minds to athletic discipline so  they can look alike o Apollo conquers lower statues who were weak and  submitted to carnal desires Labors of Hercules? Olympia – Hercules killed someone; had to do 12 disciplines, etc. o Considered founder of Olympic games
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o Body conformed to athletic ideal In the art: Hercules straining under weight of something with  Athena helping him o Athena – very abstract, square shoulders, simplified  garment, turned face Hercules set in motion against Bull Sculptures gain more freedom – shifting from architectural to  figural Represents early culmination of classical experiments Polykleitos, Doryphoros, ca 440 - originally bronze - would not have needed the tree to stabilize it -
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Art History - 9 /23/09 Olympia,templeofZeus47057BCE

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