Lecture 10-19 - Art History Lecture Dura Europos Christian...

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10/19/09 Art History Lecture Dura Europos, Christian Chapel, ca 232 - allegory of Shepard w/ sheep on shoulder - establ. Motif of pagan art Ivory, ca. 400 - Constantine converted to Christianity - Divided position of emperor to 4 parts - Unified empire; automatic transfer of all riches, aristocratic culture to Christianity o Produced arts like this o Richest possible materials (ivory, gold, gold mosaic) and elegant refined craftsmanship o Classical conventions used to relay Christian stories o Imposition of imperial iconic structures Christ’s tomb o Christian art elevated to highest level of art - Christians wanted to show that they were equal to pagan past Rome, St. Paul’s Outside the Walls, ca 390 - churches built of art despoiled from pagan buildings - triumphalisc attitude o wanting to show you’ve succeeded or surpressed another culture by raping their monuments - imperial church built in rome built of roman material decorated w/ themes from old/new testament o taking idea of opposing ancient to modern story to make historical connection o continued in portraits of popes o linking creation of world, birth of Christ, apostles, all the way down to current popes - over 100 yr. shift - most dramatic change of all: undertaking by Constantine was transfer of capital of Rome from center of Mediterranean all the way to eastern end of Mediterranean. o To a place that had small settlement – called ___? o Closer to action to defend? (east was constantly attacked) o Where Christian pop. Was concentrated o In rome (west), there was greatest resistance to Christianity o Constantinople on peninsula, surrounded by bodies of water Constantinople (Istanbul), Theodosian Walls, ca 390 - one of great monuments surviving from this period - hill of city – at crest of peninsula is a palace/church - several waterways - city was built to imitate Rome
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Istanbul, aqueduct, 4th c. - aqueducts like ones in Rome - laid out city in series of roads and foura (opened areas) that were patterned after old city - marked by monuments that were almost identical to ones in Rome (triumphal columns, arches, etc.) - reconstruction of great palace: gardens, race course exact copy of one from Rome (circus maxiumus) o trophies set up including obelisks Istanbul, obelisk of Theodosius, ca 395 - Egyptian obelisk, bronze column, ottoman palace (successors to byzantine) built next to old palace - To the extent possible, the Christian emperors of Constantinople designed their city to look like the old city of rome - Period of Byzantine Empire 1453 o Byzantines thought of themselves are romans, successors of ancient roman - Another slide: Egyptian hieroglyphics; 4th cent. Base showing emperor and guards and family looking at races; commemoration of what actually happened in real life o Granite obelisk sat on 4 tubes of bronze; demonstrated power of engineering o Egypt on their minds – controlled Egypt at this time o Wanted to symbolize their power over Egypt through something the romans had done Byzantines are saying, like the romans, we are the captures of
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2009 for the course ART HISTOR 010.101 taught by Professor Dr.kessler during the Spring '09 term at Johns Hopkins.

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Lecture 10-19 - Art History Lecture Dura Europos Christian...

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