09-30_Evolution_and_Human_Behavior-The_Debate_-_6

09-30_Evolution_and_Human_Behavior-The_Debate_-_6 -...

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10/5/2009 1 Culture is important Cultural variation in the contemporary US Two principles Culture is essential Culture is part of human biology Most social scientists reject one or the other principle Reconcile them using evolutionary models Culture is important Cultural variation in the contemporary US Two principles Culture is essential Culture is part of human biology Most social scientists reject one or the other principle Reconcile them using evolutionary models Nisbett and Cohen show that there are important cultural differences between the North and South Richard Nisbett Dov Cohen Felony-Related Murders Argument-Related Murders 0 1 2 3 4 5 Non South White Male Homicide Offender Rates (per 100,000) Homicide rates are higher in the South than elsewhere in the US Several explanations have been suggested Poverty History of slavery Higher temperatures Poverty doesn‟t explain difference between pastoral and agricultural regions within the South 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 Moist Plains Dry Hils Homicide Rate (per 1000) More homicides in hills Difference not cause by poverty 0 1 2 3 4 5 Moist Plains Dry Hil s Per Capita Income (1000's $) )
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10/5/2009 2 Difference not cause by slavery Slavery doesn‟t explain difference between pastoral and agricultural regions within the South. 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 Moist Plains Dry Hils Homicide Rate (per 1000) More homicides in hills 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Moist Plains Dry Hils Percent Enslaved 1860 ) Difference not cause by heat Most explanations don‟t explain difference between pastoral and agricultural regions within the South. 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 Moist Plains Dry Hils More homicides in hills 0 20 40 60 80 100 Moist Plains Dry Hils Average July Temperature (oF) ) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Per Cent Agreeing with Statement Midwest South Violent response is justified after sexual abuse of 16 year old daughter. 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 Per Cent who Approve Man punches drunk who bumps into his wife. ) Expressed attitudes personal honor more highly valued in the South than the North Attitudes consistent with observed behavior N&C mailed job application letters to employers in North and South Honor letter: manslaughter resulting from a fight over personal honor. Control letter: grand theft auto in order to provide for wife and kids. N&C rated replies 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 Honor Letter Control Letter Rated Warmth of Reply North Attitudes are consistent with behavior in the laboratory 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Control Insult Distance at which Subject gave way (in) Subjects told they are participating in experiment on
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2009 for the course ANTHRO 186P taught by Professor Boyd during the Fall '09 term at UCLA.

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09-30_Evolution_and_Human_Behavior-The_Debate_-_6 -...

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