09-30_Evolution_and_Human_Behavior-The_Debate

09-30_Evolution_and_Human_Behavior-The_Debate - Culture is...

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Unformatted text preview: Culture is important Cultural variation in the contemporary US Two principles w Culture is essential w Culture is part of human biology Most social scientists reject one or the other principle Reconcile them using evolutionary models Culture is important Cultural variation in the contemporary US Two principles w Culture is essential w Culture is part of human biology Most social scientists reject one or the other principle Reconcile them using evolutionary models Nisbett and Cohen show that there are important cultural differences between the North and South Richard Nisbett Dov Cohen From: Nisbett & Cohen (1996) Homicide rates are higher in the South than elsewhere in the US Several explanations have been suggested Poverty History of slavery Higher temperatures Cant explain difference between pastoral and agricultural regions within the South. O bj1 0 1 More homicides in hills Difference not cause by poverty O bj1 0 2 From: Nisbett & Cohen Difference not cause by slavery Most explanations dont explain difference between pastoral and agricultural regions within the South. O bj1 0 3 More homicides in hills O bj1 0 4 From: Nisbett & Cohen Difference not cause by heat Most explanations dont explain difference between pastoral and agricultural regions within the South. O bj1 0 5 More homicides in hills O bj1 0 6 From: Nisbett & Cohen From: Nisbett & Cohen (1996 ) Expressed attitudes value personal honor more highly in the South than the North Attitudes consistent with observed behavior N&C mailed job application letters to employers in North and South All letters said applicant had been convicted of felony Honor letter: manslaughter resulting from a fight over personal honor. Control letter: grand theft auto in order to provide for wife and kids. N&C rated replies O bj1 0 8 Attitudes are consistent with behavior in the laboratory O bj1 0 9 Subjects told they are participating in experiment on judgment In insult condition they are bumped and called asshole by confederate. In control condition no insult. Subjects then play chicken with confederate Southern Subjects Northern Subjects From: Nisbett & Cohen Attitudes are consistent with behavior in the laboratory O bj1 Subjects told they are participating in experiment on judgment In insult condition they are bumped and called asshole by confederate....
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09-30_Evolution_and_Human_Behavior-The_Debate - Culture is...

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