11-04_CultureIsAdaptation_4_-_6

11-04_CultureIsAdaptation_4_-_6 - Inside scoop on the...

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10/30/2009 1 Inside scoop on the midterm Midterm 11/9, Haines No blue books necessary Bring pen, not pencil 8 short answer questions (1/2 page each) Questions drawn from list of 26 posted on class webpage Culture is an Adaptation Why study adaptations Culture is derived Why culture is adaptive How (possibly) culture evolved Evidence for the model Two more forces of cultural evolution Culture is an Adaptation Why study adaptations Culture is derived Why culture is adaptive How (possibly) culture evolved Evidence for the model Two more forces of cultural evolution
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10/30/2009 2 What is the best way to use social information? So far how to balance social and non-social information Environment provides cues Behavior of others provides cues When should individuals depend on one or the other? What is the best way to use social information? So far how to balance social and non-social information But, the distribution of behavior among models also provides cues: Commoness: Is everybody doing it? Or, just a few? Prestige: Are cool people doing it? Or, everybody? Similarity: Are people like you doing it? Or, other kinds of people? Can use population methods to investigate how selection should shape the psychology responds to social cues Seems like selection will favor conformism Suppose naïve individual observes that one cultural variant is more common among models than alternatives Errors and environmental variation maintain variation some models don’t have best variant. But, learning, biased transmission tend to make adaptive behavior more common All things being equal, adopt the common variant because it is more likely to be adaptive
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10/30/2009 3 Problem: what happens when environment changes?
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2009 for the course ANTHRO 186P taught by Professor Boyd during the Fall '09 term at UCLA.

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11-04_CultureIsAdaptation_4_-_6 - Inside scoop on the...

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