STUDY GUIDE on Module 1 - STUDY GUIDE on Module 1 CHAPTER...

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STUDY GUIDE on Module 1 CHAPTER 1: THEMES IN THE STUDY OF LIFE Vocabulary Evolution – is the central theme in the study of life Biology – the scientific study of Life Reductionism Emergent Properties Systems Biology – study the relationships and interaction between various parts of a biological system Photosynthesis – Sunlight creates thermal energy which turns into chemical energy Energy Conservation – Energy goes into the body and releases chemical nutrients and thermal energy (Requires energy, Stored in different forms, Flows through an ecosystem) Eukaryotic Cells – membrane enclosed organelles Nucleus larges includes animals fungi and other forms of life Prokaryotic Cells – simpler smaller no nucleus or other membrane enclosed organelles includes bacteria and archaea DNA – chromosomes contain cells genetic material – deoxyribonucleic acid Genes – units of inheritance that transmit DNA or RNA from one generation or next and carries genetic info Nucleotides - building blocks of DNA Genome – the complete genetic information of an organism Feedback – main catalyst are enzymes Negative Feedback - as more of a product accumulates – the process that creates it slows and less of the product is produced ie ATP Positive Feedback – means as more product accumulates – the process that creates speeds up and more of the product is produced ie. Platelets Taxonomy – branch of biology that names/classifies species into groups of increasing breadth Discovery science – finding new things about life discovering new things Hypothesis-based science – based on what we know more experimentation Quantitative – charts and numbers Qualitative data – observations written journals Inductive reasoning – generalization Deductive reasoning – if a=b and b=c then a=c Lists Unifying Themes Evolutionary adaptations Response to the environments Reproduction Growth and development Energy Processing Regulation Order Major Processes Photosynthesis Reductionism/ Emergent Properties Biosphere Ecosystem Communities Populations Organism Organ system Tissue Cells Organelles Molecules/atoms Grouping Domain o Domain Bacteria o Domain Archaea o Domain Eukarya Plantae Animilia Fungi Kingdom Phylum Class Order
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Energy Conservation Family Genus Species Darwin Observed Individuals have traits that vary Traits are heritable More offspring produced than survive Competition is inevitable Species suit their environment Darwin inferred Individuals that suit environment best reproduce and survive Over time more individuals in a population will have the advantageous traits environment selects for beneficial traits
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CHAPTER 25: THE HISTORY OF LIFE ON EARTH Vocabulary Sedimentary rocks – formed by deposits of pieces of weathered rocks that were later buried or cemented Strata – layers of sedimentary rocks Tetrapods
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This note was uploaded on 11/12/2009 for the course BIO 1510 taught by Professor Unknown during the Fall '07 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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STUDY GUIDE on Module 1 - STUDY GUIDE on Module 1 CHAPTER...

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