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Unformatted text preview: o T c, mean = y A T c, A + y B T c, B + … o P c, mean = y A P c, A + y B P c, B + … o Phase Equilibrium Clapeyron Equation: Clausius – Clapeyron Equation: Antoine Equation: Extensive variables: volume dependent Intensive variables: volume independent Gibbs Phase Rule: DOF = 2 + (# chemical species) – (# phases) (# reactions) vap vap V T H dT dP ˆ ˆ * ∆ ∆ = ∆= o vap o T T R H P P 1 1 ˆ * ln * ln C T B A P += * log 10 Raoult’s Law : y A P = P A *(T) – valid where x A is close to 1 P A *(T) – vapor pressure of pure liquid A at temperature T Henry’s Law: P A = y A P = x A H A (T) – valid where x A is close to 0 H A (T) – Henry’s Law constant Bubble point temperature: Temperature at which first vapor bubble forms at given pressure Dew point temperature: Temperature at which first liquid droplet forms at given pressure...
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 '08
 DANIEL
 Thermodynamics, pH, dew point temperature, bubble point temperature, Finding critical temperature

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