GMUS 203: Music in America
EXAM 2 Study Guide
MILITARY BANDS, TIN PAN ALLEY,
Revolutionary war bands
Fife and Drum: fife-flute, they would march
Function of military bands
: signal troop
Civil War bands
repertoire – played pieces that were ready to
century band leader, organized large
concerts, wrote “When Johnny comes marching
John Philip Sousa –
Most famous band leader,
composer and arranger, violinist.
U.S. Marine Band – lead it.
Sousa Band – American’s 1
toured constantly, finest musicians, 45-70
members, played anything, shaped American
The Washington Post
most popular patriotic
march, mechanical recording.
The Stars and Stripes Forever
famous march, used break strains.
Series of themes called strains,
trio is the third or fourth strain, usually most
Early recording industry
Edison phonograph, Gramophone
college marching bands – jmu marching royal
wind ensemble – less professional
African American Band traditions
drums, cymbals, lots of trombone, improv,
Francis Johnson – all black band that could
play popular music and rag on them.
Military bands – civil war colored regimental
New Orleans brass bands – developed jazz
Syndicates (promoters) of theatres, booking
: Theatre Owners Booking
Association. Series of theaters with black artists.
“tuff on black asses” is what they called it.
Vaudeville format – successor of minstrelsy,
expansion of theater, moving towards broadway.
Tin Pan Alley
: NYC music publishers. street
with everyone making music baning pans with
their windows open.
Origins of name – derogatory reference to the
pianos playing different tunes out their windows.
– companies in NY
concentrating on popular music.
Focus on popular music
Roster of songwriters- write specific
tunes for recording.
: the ones who demonstrated
the songs. Vocalists or pianists who would go to
a store and play the tunes.
Charles K. Harris
– “After the Ball” –
piano, woman vocal, cheesy waltz, sentimental,
self published, 5 million copies sold.
Music marketing –
sheet music and
vaudeville work hand in hand, marketing and
performance together. Playing the sheet music in
“Ragged time,” to rag
Adding on to a tune with improvisation, ragging
on a tune.
– composer, pianist, sold a
million copies of sheet music.
notated not improvised. Series
of themes 3-5 or more, similar to a march.
Ragtime as popular music