EXAM 2 Study Guide - GMUS 203 Music in America Fall 2009...

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GMUS 203: Music in America Fall 2009 EXAM 2 Study Guide MILITARY BANDS, TIN PAN ALLEY, VAUDEVILLE Revolutionary war bands Fife and Drum: fife-flute, they would march Function of military bands : signal troop movements. Civil War bands 19 th century bands repertoire – played pieces that were ready to be performed. Patrick Gilmore: 19 th century band leader, organized large concerts, wrote “When Johnny comes marching home” John Philip Sousa – Most famous band leader, composer and arranger, violinist. U.S. Marine Band – lead it. Sousa Band – American’s 1 st super group, toured constantly, finest musicians, 45-70 members, played anything, shaped American taste. The Washington Post - most popular patriotic march, mechanical recording. The Stars and Stripes Forever - another famous march, used break strains. March form: Series of themes called strains, trio is the third or fourth strain, usually most memorable. Early recording industry Edison phonograph, Gramophone 20 th century bands college marching bands – jmu marching royal dukes. wind ensemble – less professional African American Band traditions – brass, drums, cymbals, lots of trombone, improv, happy. Francis Johnson – all black band that could play popular music and rag on them. Military bands – civil war colored regimental bands New Orleans brass bands – developed jazz Vaudeville Syndicates (promoters) of theatres, booking agents TOBA : Theatre Owners Booking Association. Series of theaters with black artists. “tuff on black asses” is what they called it. Vaudeville format – successor of minstrelsy, expansion of theater, moving towards broadway. Tin Pan Alley : NYC music publishers. street with everyone making music baning pans with their windows open. Origins of name – derogatory reference to the pianos playing different tunes out their windows. Publishing houses – companies in NY concentrating on popular music. Focus on popular music Roster of songwriters- write specific tunes for recording. Song pluggers : the ones who demonstrated the songs. Vocalists or pianists who would go to a store and play the tunes. Charles K. Harris – “After the Ball” – piano, woman vocal, cheesy waltz, sentimental, self published, 5 million copies sold. Music marketing – sheet music and vaudeville work hand in hand, marketing and performance together. Playing the sheet music in theatre. TH CENTURY POPULAR MUSIC Ragtime “Ragged time,” to rag Adding on to a tune with improvisation, ragging on a tune. Scott Joplin – composer, pianist, sold a million copies of sheet music. Ragtime form notated not improvised. Series of themes 3-5 or more, similar to a march. AABBACC form. Ragtime as popular music
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This note was uploaded on 11/12/2009 for the course GMUS 203 taught by Professor Connel during the Spring '08 term at James Madison University.

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EXAM 2 Study Guide - GMUS 203 Music in America Fall 2009...

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