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Unformatted text preview: Sexual Victimization Sexual
Chapter 7 Defining Sexual Victimization Defining 1770-1845 rape was defined as 1770-1845 penetration of the vagina by the penis where ejaculation had taken place where Difficult to prove in court Later changed to a woman that was not Later his wife and without her consent his Changed even more: penile/vaginal Changed intercourse committed by an adult male stranger against a female stranger Most rapes do not fit any of these Most definitions definitions Any one can be a rape victim Beyond just “intercourse” Includes oral, anal, etc Attempted and completed Any sexual intimacy forced on one Any person by another person Historical Issues Historical Children are often not educated about Children rape rape They learn that men are to be feared yet They depended on (like a father) depended “rape for a rape”: the father of a raped rape daughter was permitted to rape the rapist’s wife rapist’s “bride capture”: where a male staked a bride claim to a woman by raping her; form of permanent mating relationships permanent Rape laws were often made to protect Rape virginal daughters in wealthy families virginal Difficult for a woman to go to court Difficult because she had to admit to having sex with a man not her husband with Stranger rapes Acquaintance rapes (most common) Continuum: coercion to force Statistics on Sexual victimization victimization Most underreported index crime Rapes are not always taken seriously Rapes (example: prostitute) (example: Children may have a difficult time Children reporting reporting Anal and oral rapes are the least Anal reported types rape reported So are date and marital rape Feel that the crime was not “important” Feel enough to report enough 12 million women have been victims 1 in 6 women 1 in 33 men Who are the victims? Who Media portrays certain women and Media offenders offenders ANYONE can be a victim Women often between the ages of 16 Women and 24 and In their own homes At night and in the summer months Who are the offenders? Who 1/3 of rapists say that they are sexually 1/3 active with their wives when they raped active Power and dominance Media portrays a man lurking from Media behind the bushes. NOT TRUE behind Anger rapes: physical brutality, rage and Anger anger anger Power rapes: wishing to harm victim, Power possess her sexually possess Sadistic rapes: aggression is eroticized 55% of rapes are power rapes Many men do not feel guilt or shame Many regarding their behavior regarding Victims are meaningless objects Intra-racial Anyone can be a rapist Victim/offender relationship Victim/offender Victim feels ashamed to report that a Victim friend or loved one raped her friend Fear retaliation if she reports May not think it was rape Child Sexual victimization Child Once thought to be a rare occurrence, Once particularly incest particularly Not labeled a social problem until the Not 1980s 1980s 29% of all forcible rapes occurred when 29% the victim was less than 11 years old the Non-contact sexual victimization: exposure, Non-contact masturbating in front of child masturbating Contact child sexual abuse Offenders are most likely to be fathers or Offenders uncles uncles Female children often more at risk Many don’t report until they are adults Abuse is often not a one time thing Abuse Power and/or anger to control victims Children are powerless, vulnerable and Children naïve naïve 71% of child abusers are under the age 71% of 35 of See themselves above the law Some groups believe in adult/child sex Reactions to abuse: Anxiety, depression, fear, anger, inappropriate Anxiety, sexual behavior, withdrawn sexual Adult survivors: Self destruction, negative feelings about men, fear, Self mistrust, drug/alcohol use, sexual dysfunction mistrust, Date rape Date Forced or coerced sexual intimacy by Forced someone with whom one has had a romantic or dating relationship (one type of acquaintance rape) of Can occur on first date or even years Can later later Many women feel an obligation to marry Many the rapist because they have already been sexual with them been 62% of college women report some level 62% of offensive erotic intimacy of Gang rape Humiliation of being watched by others Taken advantage of while being in an Taken intoxicated state intoxicated 35% of college males said that they 35% would commit rape if they knew they could get away with it could Marital Rape Marital Often extreme brutality Media portrays marital rape as an Media argument over sex argument 12% of women have been assaulted 12% sexually by their husbands sexually Battering rapes: sexual violence occurs in Battering addition to verbal and physical violence addition Non-battering rapes: little non-sexual physical Non-battering violence but rape occurs violence Obsessive rapes: bizarre sexual obsessions Marital rape victims often minimize that Marital they were abused they Most at risk of being killed by their Most partners partners Less likely to seek medical or police help Sexual Harassment Sexual Most people think of work harassment Can happen anywhere and to anyone Erodes the victim’s self respect and Erodes privacy privacy Unwanted and insulting behaviors Gender harassment: sexist remarks Seductive behavior: sexual advances Sexual bribery: sex is solicited with Sexual promise of a reward promise Sexual coercion: threatening someone Sexual assaults, gross sexual imposition, Sexual indecent exposure indecent Quid pro quo harassment: “I do this for Quid you if you do something for me” you Hostile environment: intimidating or Hostile offensive offensive Many people say they do this to humiliate Many anger their victims or out of camaraderie anger Victims and the CJ System Victims Victims often report of being victimized Victims twice twice By the offender By the CJ system ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/12/2009 for the course SOCI 3150 taught by Professor Krohn during the Fall '09 term at UGA.
- Fall '09