Unformatted text preview: The Image of the The Image of the Female Victim
Chapter 6 Until the 1970s, female victims were relatively invisible New types of victimizations have been identified and studied Terms: – Battered woman (1974) – Sexual harassment (1975) – Date rape (early 1980s) – Stalking (crime of the nineties) Many people still don’t agree on the behaviors that constitute each Many people still believe the stereotypes Victimization rates are increasing Forms of violence against women
– – – – – – – – – – Suttee Foot binding Infibulation Clitoridectomy Dowry death Bride burning Forced prostitution International sexual trafficking Human sacrifice pornography Sexual victimization and battering Most underreported crime It has long been believed that these offenses are rare, the victim’s fault and shameful for the victim Some crimes that were not recognized until the 1960s1980s – Nonsexual child abuse – Nonsexual wife abuse – Sexual abuse of children (incest) Link between victimizations and Link between victimizations and fear High fear of crime among women yet men are more likely to be victims of crime Females constitute approx 30% of victimizations Frequency is often ignored Our culture encourages women to be afraid of crime Why are the crimes underreported? – Fear – Humiliation – Selfblame – Too personal to discuss – Embarrassed – Fear of reprisal by abuser Rape is the most fear inducing crime Women are conditioned to be afraid Little Red Riding Hood Some tv, movies etc, eroticize male violence against women When females fail to follow the socially prescribe roles, they are blamed for their victimization White females report the highest fears of rape ****Women are more likely to be raped by someone they know or an intimate rather than a stranger**** stranger to stranger crimes The media puts a huge emphasis on Effects of Culture on Gender roles Effects of Culture on Gender roles Choose names of children based on their sex Historically, women have been viewed as property of men Rape was considered theft Rape laws were designed to protect property of middle and upper class white men Our culture often suggests that women need men for protection and financial security Some view male violence as a natural thing Some feel that women are the precipitators of men’s violence Those who believed rape myths were also more likely to blame the victims and support conservative gender roles Some believe that there are certain types of women who get victimized African American women are more likely to be battered White middle class women are more likely to be sexual assault victims Rapists: white and 90% are intraracial (within the same race) Gender Disparities in Power Gender Disparities in Power Brownmiller: she views rape as a conscious means by which men control women Rape prone societies are associated with lower levels of female power and authority As economic, political and legal status of women decreased, the rape rate increased Rape is a crime of power, domination Threat of Violence Threat of Violence Women are constantly reminded of their vulnerability Culturally embedded: females should restrict their behavior, actions and clothing or something dreadful will happen crosses their mind regularly Many women report that the fear of rape Victim Blaming Victim Blaming Women who don’t follow society’s unwritten rules are often blamed if they are raped at fault for their victimization with them Many believe that girls who drink are partly Men might get females drunk to have sex Victims of rape and battering are more likely to be blamed than victims of any other crime Accused of having provoked the behavior Some situations increase risk of being a victim Women are most at risk of being raped by husbands and boyfriends but few people are prepared to tell women and girls not to date and marry What do you think? Clothing revealingness and character = more blame on the victim Some claim that men are violent because of the violence from their past Since the female victimization rates are so high, why aren’t more females violent? Lerner: Just World Hypothesis People get what they deserve 4 out of 5 rape victims know their assailants Victimization of women and girls of Victimization of women and girls of color 3rd world women in the U.S. are disproportionately victims of rape, battering and sterilization abuse Often the CJ system treats women of color as if they are not victims Often see more legal response for illegal immigrants Large number of women in prison who have protected themselves against violent men Victimization of Women and girls Victimization of Women and girls with disabilities Many assume that people with disabilities are less at risk for victimization NOT TRUE It is assumed that no one would want to harm someone so vulnerable or find them sexually attractive (MYTHS) Actually have an increased risk of victimization Children with disabilities are twice as likely as those without to be sexually victimized Pornography that depicts people with disabilities claims to liberate those people when actually it turns it into fetishes ...
View Full Document
This note was uploaded on 11/12/2009 for the course SOCI 3150 taught by Professor Krohn during the Fall '09 term at UGA.
- Fall '09