PRESENTATION - PRESENTATION An evaluation of the democratic...

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PRESENTATION: An evaluation of the democratic peace theory. Is it true that democracies do not go to war with one another? Are democracies less warlike than other forms of polity? Hi guys I’m today going to be discussing about the Democratic peace theory: Which states that democracies do not go to war. .. Simple and short. .. but perhaps the one topic with the maximum number of readings suggests by our profs. .. You just got lucky cos you didn’t have to make a presentation this week. .. I have prepared for this presentation more like a speech-cum-debate. .. speech cos I will read all of it like a monologue as I have a talent for getting nervous and talking crap if left unguarded without my laptop. .. and debate cos I have my strong views. .. you can interject and fight back. .. since there is no prize winning ceremony at the end of this debate. .. I don’t mind losing. .. Mind you, all presentations have a mesmeric ability to put one off to sleep. .. please cover your heads with your hand while you do just that. .. Classis Liberal Rudolph Rummel was one of the earliest proponents or you may say researchers to work on the democratic peace theory (and I will now call it DTP. .. wow it sounds like some drug). Through empirical data. .. him and other Liberals concluded that in the 1816-2005 period there were 205 wars between non-democracies, 166 wars between non- democracies and democracies, and 0 wars between democracies. He said in an interview to the Freeman in 1997 “I conclude that nobody can be trusted with unlimited power. The more power a regime has, the more likely people will be killed. This is a major reason for promoting freedom.”. .. Liberals believe that DPT is a path-breaking finding. .. it’s like finding cure to cancer. .. it’s the only solution for war they say. “Democracy” meaning (It’s like the “no true Scotsman” fallacy) 1. Normative Assessment (Freedom House) a. Consent of the Governed b. Free, Fair and regular elections c. Constitutional limits on government d. Majority Rule/Minority Rights e. Accountability and transparency f. Multiparty System g. Economic Freedom h. Rule of Law i. Human rights and freedom from state tyranny j. Freedom of expression, association and religion. 2. Institutional Measure (Polity IV Project) “A mature and internally coherent democracy, for example, might be operationally defined as one in which (a) political participation is unrestricted, open, and fully competitive; (b) executive recruitment is elective, and (c) constraints on the chief executive are substantial.” ( http://www.systemicpeace.org/ inscr/p4manualv2007.pdf ) Their Research:
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The period between 1946 and 1986 involved the largest number of democracies—the toughest test for the link between democracy and peace. During this period, 45 countries qualified as democracies, and 109 as non-democracies. Consequently, these countries could be paired 6,876 ways, of which 990 were democracy-democracy combinations. By applying the binomial theorem one could conclude that the odds were 100 to 1 against the absence of
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PRESENTATION - PRESENTATION An evaluation of the democratic...

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