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Unformatted text preview: o Cooperative hunting and learned behavior. o Compensation: growth responses that allow plants to compensate for, and thus tolerate, herbivory. Removal of plant tissue stimulates new growth. o Some plants produce secondary compounds all the time. This reduces herbivory (can be toxins). o Induced defenses are stimulated by herbivore attack. This includes secondary compounds and structural mechanisms. Concept 12.3: Predation and herviory affect ecological communities greatly, in some cases causing a shift one community type to another Predators and herbivores can change the outcome of competition, thereby affecting distribution or abundance of competitor species. If the presence of a predator is or herbivore, decreases performance of the top competitor, the inferior competitor may increase in abundance....
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- Fall '09