comparativeproblem

comparativeproblem - saru- ice qaha asa qasa kasa xasa kasa...

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Reconstruct the consonants of Proto-Quechua based on the data below. You need not reconstruct the vowels but obviously should consider them as possible conditioning factors. Your answer should consist of a list of the PQ consonants and any rules needed to derive the attested forms in the various languages. Be sure to designate the language in which a given rule applies and conditioning (plus ordering) if necessary. [ π ] = voiceless bilabial fricative. Ancash Junín Cajamarca Amazonas Ayachucho Cuzco begin paka- paka- paka- paka- paka- paka- ask tapu- tapu- tapu- tapu- tapu- tapu- tie wata- wata- wata- wata- wata- wata- three kimsa kimsa kimsa kimsa kimsa kimsa leaf rapra lapla rapra rapra rapra ra π ra cotton utka utka utka utka utka uska plains pampa pampa pamba pamba pampa pampa neck ku Ñ ka ku Ñ ka ku Ñ ga ku Ñ ga ku Ñ ka ku Ñ ka step on haru- salu- saru- saru- saru-
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Unformatted text preview: saru- ice qaha asa qasa kasa xasa kasa sun inti inti indi indi inti inti be full haksa- saksa- saksa- ----- saksa- saxsa- far karu kalu karu karu karu karu behind qepa ipa qepa kipa xepa qepa Scroll down for answer! Proto-Quechua Consonants: *p *t *k *q *s *m *n * Ñ *r *w You must reconstruct *q beside *k because both appear before vowel /a/. A *q is far more likely than *x for the PQ source. Reconstruction of *r instead of *l based on numerical majority and *s instead of *h on that and naturalness of change. The velar nasal may have been only an allophone in PQ, but since every language has it, we reconstruct it. Changes: Ancash: *s > h Junín: *r > l, *q > zero Cajamarca: voiceless stops > voiced after nasal Amazonas: *q > k, voiceless stops > voiced after nasal Ayachucho: *q > x Cuzco: voiceless stops > fricatives before consonant...
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This note was uploaded on 11/13/2009 for the course LING 253385201 taught by Professor Melchert during the Spring '09 term at UCLA.

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comparativeproblem - saru- ice qaha asa qasa kasa xasa kasa...

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