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Unformatted text preview: Lee 1 Lee, Anna JAPN M123/Ling M176B June 8, 2009 TE IRU/ TE ITA vs RU/TA The topic of this paper is an analysis of TE IRU/ TE ITA vs RU/TA. The form Verb + TE IRU/ITA has at least four different types of classifications, (1) action in progress, (2) state in effect (3) experience, and (4) habitual action (McGloin). The use of Verb + TE IRU/ITA has special verbs that are used normally in this form. The use of RU/TA is not as complicated as the other form and because of that, the main focus of this paper is the usage of Verb + TE IRU / ITA form. The first classification of Verb + TE IRU , ‘action in progress’, or an motion/event that is occurring at the moment, refers to a type of verbs that are ‘activity verbs’ such as to read- yomu , to listen- kiku , to play- asobu , and so on. This category can also be used for describing weather conditions of the moment. If one were to use just RU/ITA the sentence would just be a statement or a simple response to a question. For example: (1) ˜ –  Yakyuu o shite imasu .  ‘ I am playing baseball.’ (2)ł „ ü• “*  Yakyuu o shimasu.  ‘ (I) play baseball.’ In sentence (1), the ‘action in progress’ of Verb + TE IRU form indicates that the speaker is playing tennis right now, in the moment. Condition wise, the speaker can be on the Lee 2 baseball field, and someone has called and asked what you’re doing. Sentence (1) would be the correct response as the speaker is playing baseball at the moment. That means that the speaker is not just stating the fact as in sentence (2). The condition for a response like sentence (2) is possibly the answer to a question such as, ‘what do you do during your free time?’ or someone suggesting something (must at ka at the end of the sentence). Since sentence (2) is just an utterance, it is not action in progress, so Verb + TE IRU would be inappropriate. The second classification, ‘state in effect’ refers to a condition that came from an action. McGloin mentions three separate verb categories for this resultative verb type. that are used in McGloin mentions three separate verb categories for this resultative verb type....
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- Spring '09