Art History Notes 2 - Baroque High Drama(eg Versailles...

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Baroque High Drama (eg. Versailles), strong impact on the viewer Rise of Genre Painting (paintings of everyday life) o Moving away from religious scenes Continued Classicism The Reformation: Martin Luther (Protestant religion) Counter-Reformation from Catholic religion o Fight back against Reformation with more art o Baroque Rome: Building Spree *Michelangelo, design, plan and dome, St. Peter’s Vatican, Rome 1546-1564 The new church was built around the old version Many tried the plan, a combination of many plans Centralized the space and taken out the separate compartments o Unified and clarified the space o Four large piers near the middle hold the dome Church elongated the nave o Creates a hierarchy o Emphasize the altar Michelangelo emphasizes the verticality o Utilize colossal order (Pilasters) with flourishes at the top Dome is over the center of the Church and St. Peter is buried there o St. Peter is the first pope giving legitimacy to Catholic Rome o Dome was meant to have a more flat dome shape similar to Pantheon Michelangelo raises the dome with vertical thrust Very similar to Brunelleschi’s dome with Gothic ribs and form 16 ribs Gian Lorenzo Bernini
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1598-1680 Father was a sculptor Worked for 8 different popes and Louis XIV of France *Piazza San Pieto (St. Peter’s Square) Trapezoidal space and then an oval space A circle that was pulled apart (arms of the church embracing the people) o Diagonals were created from oval shape and causes great visual drama Trapezoid space focuses viewers eyes to St. Peter’s church o The narrow view prevent the church from looking squat and lame *Gianlorenzo Bernini, St. Peter’s piazza design and colonnade. 1657. Vatican Very secluded space Sense of surprise when found, adds to drama *Bernini, Baldacchino , gilt bronze. 1624-33, crossing, St. Peter’s, Vatican The most important part is the crossing Framed the walkway Marks the monumental burial site of St. Peter (Christian Necropolis) A mixture of sculpture and architecture Michelangelo’s dome right above it Held the throne of St. Peter Baldacchino = baldachin or canopy, often silk o Carried over royalty o Mark the importance or sacred o The bronze mimics the look of drapery Putti – cupid figures holding the papal tiara Barberini bees and laurels – family symbol of the Pope o On the canopy, columns, and the bases Solomonic columns used in early Christianity (taken from the temple of Solomon, tried to enhance the legitimacy of the papacy)
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o The twisting (tortile) shape creates more drama *Bernini, St. Teresa in Ecstasy , marble. 1645-52, Cornaro Chapel, S.M. della Vittoria Element of surprise for a small church Using the oval shape in the chapel pulling the viewer towards it o Columns are slanted toward the viewer as if to open up with the vision o Secret window above the niche and the light from the window above falls in Portrays the celestial vision of St. Teresa o
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