Art History Notes 2 - Baroque High Drama (eg. Versailles),...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Baroque High Drama (eg. Versailles), strong impact on the viewer Rise of Genre Painting (paintings of everyday life) o Moving away from religious scenes Continued Classicism The Reformation: Martin Luther (Protestant religion) Counter-Reformation from Catholic religion o Fight back against Reformation with more art o Baroque Rome: Building Spree *Michelangelo, design, plan and dome, St. Peter’s Vatican, Rome 1546-1564 The new church was built around the old version Many tried the plan, a combination of many plans Centralized the space and taken out the separate compartments o Unified and clarified the space o Four large piers near the middle hold the dome Church elongated the nave o Creates a hierarchy o Emphasize the altar Michelangelo emphasizes the verticality o Utilize colossal order (Pilasters) with flourishes at the top Dome is over the center of the Church and St. Peter is buried there o St. Peter is the first pope giving legitimacy to Catholic Rome o Dome was meant to have a more flat dome shape similar to Pantheon Michelangelo raises the dome with vertical thrust Very similar to Brunelleschi’s dome with Gothic ribs and form 16 ribs Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
1598-1680 Father was a sculptor Worked for 8 different popes and Louis XIV of France *Piazza San Pieto (St. Peter’s Square) Trapezoidal space and then an oval space A circle that was pulled apart (arms of the church embracing the people) o Diagonals were created from oval shape and causes great visual drama Trapezoid space focuses viewers eyes to St. Peter’s church o The narrow view prevent the church from looking squat and lame *Gianlorenzo Bernini, St. Peter’s piazza design and colonnade. 1657. Vatican Very secluded space Sense of surprise when found, adds to drama *Bernini, Baldacchino , gilt bronze. 1624-33, crossing, St. Peter’s, Vatican The most important part is the crossing Framed the walkway Marks the monumental burial site of St. Peter (Christian Necropolis) A mixture of sculpture and architecture Michelangelo’s dome right above it Held the throne of St. Peter Baldacchino = baldachin or canopy, often silk o Carried over royalty o Mark the importance or sacred o The bronze mimics the look of drapery Putti – cupid figures holding the papal tiara Barberini bees and laurels – family symbol of the Pope o On the canopy, columns, and the bases Solomonic columns used in early Christianity (taken from the temple of Solomon, tried to enhance the legitimacy of the papacy)
Background image of page 2
o The twisting (tortile) shape creates more drama *Bernini, St. Teresa in Ecstasy , marble. 1645-52, Cornaro Chapel, S.M. della Vittoria Element of surprise for a small church Using the oval shape in the chapel pulling the viewer towards it o Columns are slanted toward the viewer as if to open up with the vision o Secret window above the niche and the light from the window above falls in
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 11/14/2009 for the course ART ART302 taught by Professor Jones during the Spring '09 term at University of Texas-Tyler.

Page1 / 13

Art History Notes 2 - Baroque High Drama (eg. Versailles),...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online