6-Liquids and Solutions

6-Liquids and Solutions - Chapter 9 Liquids and Solutions...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–18. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 Chapter 9 – Liquids and Solutions Suggested Problems: Fine, Chapter 9: #s 1,3, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, 25, 27, 29, 35, 37, 43, 47, 67, 83, 89 Phase Diagrams and Phase Equilibria Colligative Properties of Solutions
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 States of Pure Substances Solids high density, not very compressible intermolecular attractions >> kinetic energy Liquids high density, not very compressible intermolecular attractions > kinetic energy Gases low density, compressible intermolecular attractions < kinetic energy
Background image of page 2
3 Phase Changes
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
4 Heating curves
Background image of page 4
5 Vapourization escaping molecules are “bumped” out by collisions requires heat energy from surroundings
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
6 Liquid-Vapour Equilibrium dynamic equilibrium the partial pressure of the gas is called the vapour pressure of the gas (depends on T)
Background image of page 6
7 Vapour Pressure Curves normal boiling point - the temperature where equilibrium vapour pressure equals 1 atm (760 torr) the curves are exponentials: ln (P) T
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
8 1-Component Phase Diagrams Heating Curve 1 2 2 1
Background image of page 8
9 Phase Diagram of Water
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
10 Phases of Water Ice Water
Background image of page 10
11 Phase Diagram of Carbon Dioxide
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
12 Carbon What phase of carbon is stable at ambient conditions?
Background image of page 12
1 Chapter 9 – Liquids and Solutions Suggested Problems: Fine, Chapter 9 ( Chapter on 2 hour reserve in Barber Learning Centre ) : #s 1, 3, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, 25, 27, 29, 35, 37, 43, 47, 67, 83, 89 PS #5 – October 26 – Nov 9 Phase Diagrams and Phase Equilibria Colligative Properties of Solutions
Background image of page 13

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 1-Component Phase Diagrams
Background image of page 14
3 Critical Phenomena above T c and P c a supercritical fluid forms it is neither liquid or vapour but has properties of both Supercritical Carbon Dioxide supercritical CO 2 is commonly used in industrial applications, e.g., decaffeination of coffee beans supercritical H 2 O is very different from regular water e.g., it dissolves organic compounds well
Background image of page 15

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
4 Applications Oxidation Extended Phase Diagram for H 2 O
Background image of page 16
5 Solutions Solutions are composed of solutes dissolved in solvents . Not just solids/liquids/gases in liquid.
Background image of page 17

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 18
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 11/14/2009 for the course CHEMISTRY CHEM 154 taught by Professor Dapkus during the Spring '09 term at UBC.

Page1 / 50

6-Liquids and Solutions - Chapter 9 Liquids and Solutions...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 18. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online