Plant and Animal Cell Exercise

Plant and Animal Cell Exercise - 3. They are autotrophic,...

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Plants and animal cells are two types of eukaryotic cells. They share many similarities, but they also have a few differences. Similarities between plant and animals cells are: 1. They both have a nucleus, or controlling center, that holds their DNA. 2. They have mitochondria to produce needed energy. 3. They have ribosome’s that replace protein. 4. They have lysosomes, which contain enzymes that break down large molecules. 5. They both contain endoplasmic reticulum. The ER transfers things in and out of the cell. Differences between plant and animal cells are: 1. Plant cells have chloroplasts and animals cells do not. 2. Plants have thick cell walls of cellulose and chloroplasts, and animal cells have no thick cell walls and no chloroplasts.
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Unformatted text preview: 3. They are autotrophic, which means they make their own food, and animals cells are generally mobile. Functions of internal structures: 1. Endoplasmic Reticulum- move proteins in and out of the cell. 2. Nucleus- membrane enclosed control center, it contains most of the cells genetic material. 3. Lysosomes- vessel that stores digestive enzymes. 4. Mitochondria- cells power houses where reactions occur that provide the cell with energy. 5. Chloroplast- organelles that occur in plants and algae after photosynthesis has taken place. Reference: Pruitt, N.L., & Underwood, L.S. (2006). BioInquiry: Making connections in biology, pg(s) 101-105. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc....
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This note was uploaded on 11/15/2009 for the course SCI275 101 taught by Professor Morales during the Fall '09 term at University of Phoenix.

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Plant and Animal Cell Exercise - 3. They are autotrophic,...

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