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Phil 264 - Quiz 4

Phil 264 - Quiz 4 - regards it as a statement of fact_7...

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Philosophy 264: Quiz 4 True/False ___1. According to Ayer, if a statement is theoretically verifiable, then it is factually significant. ___2. According to Ayer, it is "self-stultifying" to hold that all factually significant statements are verifiable in the weak sense. ___3. Ayer believes that it is silly to regard scientific generalizations and historical claims as an "important" kind of non-sense. Instead, they should be viewed as factually significant. ___4. According to Ayer, the word 'substance' derives its meaning from the fact that it refers to a "simple" non-empirical (because unobservable) entity. ___5. For Ayer, the grammaticality of a sentence guarantees its meaningfulness. Multiple/Choice ___6. According to Ayer's Criterion of Verifiability , a sentence is factually significant, for a given person, if and only if that person: (a) has made observations that confirm/disconfirm it (b) knows what observations would confirm/disconfirm it (c)
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Unformatted text preview: regards it as a statement of fact. ___7. Ayer would claim that the following is perhaps emotionally, but not factually, significant: (a) God loves us (b) Torture is morally wrong (c) both (a) and (b). ___8. When someone insists that a certain painting is "real" in the sense of having a mind-independent existence then, according to Ayer, the statement is: (a) not factually significant (b) factually significant (c) analytic. ___9. When someone insists that a certain painting is "real" in the sense of being non-hallucinatory then, according to Ayer, the statement is: (a) not factually significant (b) factually significant (c) analytic. ___10. According to Ayer, metaphysicians are: (a) like poets in that their statements are meaningless (b) like mystics in that their statements are of moral/aesthetic value (c) unlike either poets or mystics in that their statements are neither meaningful nor of moral/aesthetic value....
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