Phil 264 - Quiz 7

Phil 264 - Quiz 7 - 6. The "Paradox of the...

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Philosophy 264: Quiz #7 True/False 1. Hume's "problem of induction" concerns how to justify inferences such as the following: All copper conducts electricity; this is a piece of copper; therefore, this conducts electricity. 2. According to Hume, habituated thinking, rather than pure reason, explains why we make the inductive inferences that we do. 3. Goodman believes that the traditional problem of induction - sometimes referred to as "Hume's problem" - has been dissolved. 4. According to Goodman, inductive inferences are justified provided they conform to the rules that define valid inductive inferences. 5. Goodman believes that the circularity associated with the justification of deductive/inductive inferences entails that neither sort of inference is ever truly justified.
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Unformatted text preview: 6. The "Paradox of the Ravens" assumes that pairs of statements like the following are logically equivalent: (i) All ravens are black (ii) All non-ravens are non-black. 7. The point of Goodman's "third son" analogy is to distinguish between accidental and law-like generalizations. 8. As defined by Goodman, if an emerald is observed to be blue after time t, then it is grue. 9. The point of introducing the predicate 'grue' is to show that there are serious philosophical problems associated with deductive inferences. 10. The point of introducing the predicate 'bleen' is to argue that 'grue', unlike 'green' and 'blue', is not a purely qualitative predicate....
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This note was uploaded on 11/15/2009 for the course PHIL 264 taught by Professor Reimer during the Spring '07 term at Arizona.

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