Phil 264 - Wittgenstein-2

Phil 264 - Wittgenstein-2 - Wittgenstein's Philosophical...

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Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations (1953) Study Questions 10-18 (minus question 15) 10. What should be the aim of philosophy, according to Wittgenstein? See first Wittgenstein hand-out, "claim 3" under The Significance of Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations . A nice illustration of how Wittgenstein believes philosophy should be conducted can be found in our next reading: Gilbert Ryle's The Concept of Mind . Ryle argues that the traditional mind/body problem - how can two such radically different kinds of things interact in such an intimate way - is based on a radical misconception of the nature of the mind. The misconception involves thinking of the mind as a thing, an entity, a substance - one that can be thought of "interacting with" that other well-known thing/entity/substance - the human body. Ryle argues (in effect) that persons are physical organisms that behave "intelligently" in certain sorts of situations. When a person displays intelligent behavior, we take this to be evidence for the existence of a thing/entity/substance that we call a "mind." But in fact, all that there is evidence for are purely physical organisms that behave in ways naturally describable as "intelligent." From this is follows that there is no mind/body problem to solve, for there is no thing/entity/substance called "the mind," even though we talk (and think) this way. (Compare's
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This note was uploaded on 11/15/2009 for the course PHIL 264 taught by Professor Reimer during the Spring '07 term at Arizona.

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Phil 264 - Wittgenstein-2 - Wittgenstein's Philosophical...

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