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Human Nature and Social Order Notes

Human Nature and Social Order Notes - Notes 01.15.09...

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Notes 01.15.09 - Classical Liberalism – focuses on the preservation of rights - Locke was a liberal because he believed in securing rights. - Locke believed family was there because of nature and was established before government. The family is completely different and of a different nature than government. A man should be concerned about raising his children to maturity (which is unselfish). All classical liberals believe the latter. - For civic republicans society hangs best when people are similar to each other. - Classical liberalism thought one religion gave you tyranny and two gave civil war. It was about having many religions and this would be peaceful; this is social pluralism. 01.20.09 - The Adam Smith Problem: How do you reconcile this book (Theory of Moral Sentiments) with a book that talks exclusively about the role of self interest (Wealth of Nations)? Many people say these books cannot be reconciled. There is no Adam Smith problem: even in the theory of Moral Sentiments self interest is still evident. - For Adam Smith vanity is that we want other people to attend to us. - The desire to get ahead is evident in both books. - What motivates us to get stuff is not the “stuff” but the attention of other people. - Smith speaks of two broad social virtues: beneficence/benevolence & justice. Wealth of nations deals exclusively with the theme of justice while in the theory of moral sentiments he touches on both justice and beneficence. - Sympathy is not a passion or feeling it is something that makes both of those possible. Sympathy is imagination. - We are not capable of self judgment if we could not judge of others. - What Smith was talking about was placing each other in other people. Sometimes we put ourselves in other minds and imagine what they think about us. - Sympathy and Theory of Mind (ToM) the same in essence. ToM talks about reading people’s minds.
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