AP Bio Chp 51 MC - AP Biology Chapter 51 Multiple Choice...

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AP Biology Chapter 51 Multiple Choice Questions 1. Ants carry dead ants out of an anthill and dump them on a trash pile. If a live ant is painted with a chemical from dead ants, other ants repeatedly carry it, kicking and struggling, to the trash pile, until the substance wears off. Which of the following explains this behavior? (p. 1124) The chemical is a sign stimulus for a fixed action pattern. The ants have become imprinted on the chemical. The ants continue the behavior until they become habituated. The ants can only learn by operant conditioning. The chemical triggers a negative taxis. 2. Which of the following is a fixed action pattern? (p. 1124) A stickleback fish attacks a wood block with a red bottom. A hamster becomes active at the same time each evening. A wolf tracks its prey. A robin eats a distasteful bug, spits it out, and never eats one again. A blackback gull returns to the same island breeding grounds each year. 3. Pheasants do not feed their chicks. Immediately after hatching, a pheasant chick starts pecking at seeds and insects on the ground. How might a behavioral ecologist explain the ultimate cause of this behavior? (p. 1124) Pecking is a fixed action pattern (FAP). Pheasants learned to peck, and their offspring inherited this behavior. Pheasants that pecked survived and reproduced best. Pecking is the result of imprinting during a critical period. Pecking is an example of habituation. 4. The lab-reared offspring of blackcap warbler pairs in which one parent is drawn from a captive migratory population and the other parent from a captive nonmigratory population exhibit a modest amount of migratory restlessness (much less than do the migratory parents). This behavior, which is intermediate between that of the two parents, is interpreted as evidence that _____. (p. 1122)
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migratory behavior is determined exclusively by environmental factors the differences in migratory behavior between populations are influenced by genetic differences among the populations birds must learn how to migrate migratory behavior cannot evolve by natural selection sexual selection is important in the evolution of migratory behavior 5. Which of the following best illustrates optimal foraging? (p. 1127) A robin will repeatedly attack any red object near its territory. Musk oxen will form a circle to fend off a wolf attack.
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This note was uploaded on 11/16/2009 for the course SCIENCE 2412432 taught by Professor Burns during the Winter '04 term at American University of Science & Tech.

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AP Bio Chp 51 MC - AP Biology Chapter 51 Multiple Choice...

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