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Copy of charlies_study_guide - 1 EASC 150g-Midterm Study...

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EASC 150g—Midterm Study Guide **use sources, connect to other time periods or themes, use dates** 11-12 levy moulder (incorporation- 30) LEVY- traditional society theorist(1945 I think? )based on traditional china (its social foundations/structures) **levy regards underdevelopment as a cause of China’s fail to encourage change 1. Social structure within a country is key variable 2. non-social factors (raw materials and resources) are unrelated to social structures. 3. transition to industrial nation in Japan didn’t upset their social structure the way it could have in China. 4. In Japan, there were a group of individuals who were more easily convertible (ie. Samarai became bankers) 5. In Japan, individuals who couldn’t adapt to industrialization could easily be eliminated. Modernization could easily continue to move forward. All changes in China and Japan come from traditional china and japan. Differences among China and Japan outweigh the similarities in terms of family and merchant. (social foundations argument) China Family oriented- loyalty to family is over that to state Family is defined by who eats together. ( great leap forward tried to dilute family by taking all kids and making them eat together) Cannot trust officials to be loyal to state over family, so officials are NOT stationed near their homes Merchant : land can be bought/sold OPEN SYSTEM: Merchants became part of the social order b/c they were allowed to switch to upper classes and maintain traditions. Japan A feudal system, unlike China o Closed social classes (you remain what you were born into) o Well defined hierarchy o ID of each indiviual as responsible to someone else higher in the hierarchy and related to others not in the hierarchial line b/c of his superior relation o Distribution of goods and services are used as rewards/punishments on basis of ranks which comes from position in hierarchy. Role of merchant: to get son educated, invest in land, lay foundation for family’s future gentry (ruling class) status. 1
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o Being a merchant is temporary b/c successful merchants accumulated wealth and are no longer merchants. Traditional Japan is much like traditional China: but their similarities are SUPERFICIAL o Both are agrarian (their main econ = agricul) o Role of merchant (low on social scale, high economic power and influence) o Gov’t structure is a combo of highly centralized and highly de- centralized. This is called a “mixed system” o Merchant: cannot accumulate land or switch to diff class. Alliance formed btwn merchant (who has all money) and samurai (who has all power)… o Man’s first duty is to feudal lord over family o Once samurai died out, wealthy merchants took over tradition was lost ** Movie River Elegy sides with Levy: the more traditional ideas of China keeps it from moving forward or losing its identity. It was rooted in confuscian mentatlity (yellow vs. blue) yellow should learn from blue.
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