MidTerm 1 Review for BIOLOGY 101

MidTerm 1 Review for BIOLOGY 101 -...

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MidTerm 1 Review for BIOLOGY 101 1. What is the metric system? a. The most commonly used standard measurement used by scientists in the US. Based on powers of 10 No fractions for partial measurements, only decimals 2. What is the standard unit for linear measurement? a. Meter 3. What is the standard measurement for volume? a. Liter 4. What is the standard measurement for mass? a. Gram 5. What is the formula to convert celsius to farenheit? a. (1.8xC)+32 6. What is the boiling point of water in celsius? a. 100 7. What is the freezing point of water in celsius a. 0 8. What is the formula to chage celsius to farenheit? a. (F-32)/1.8 9. What is executive order 12770?
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a. Metric usage in federal government programs 10. What does one inch equal in centimeters? a. 2.54cm 11. What is inductive reasoning? a. Type of reasoning that results in a general rule based on the analysis of specific individual instances b. Your conclusion is based on the analysis of specific individual instances that point to one (perhaps encompassing) conclusion. 12. What is deductive reasoning? a. Makes use of known general reules or known phenomena to predict results and events (process of elimination) b. The result/conclusion is derived by eliminating the incorrect options 13. What are the ten characteristics of life? a. Energy b. DNA c. Individual functioning cells d. Metabolism e. Photosynthesis and Respiration f. Homeostasis g. Reproduction h. Mutation/Death i. Interdependency
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j. Adaptability 14. What is energy? a. The capacity to do work 15. What is DNA (in terms of 10 characteristics of life)? a. Deoxyribonucleic acid-makes up genetic material 16. What is metabolism? a. the cells overall ability to extract and use energy to sustain/maintain itself (remain alive) 17. What is photosynthesis? a. Specific process which transfers energy to a stored form 18. What is respiration? a. Release of energy from a stored form. ..energy used to make ATP 19. What is ATP? a. Useable (molecular) form of energy for cells 20. What is homeostasis? a. The organisms ability to maintain a constant internal environment (body temp., blood pH, etc) 21. What is reproduction? a. Organisms ability to perpetuate its own kind 22. What is mutation? a. Any molecular change in DNA 23. What is death? a. all living things eventually cease to live
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b. Longest living organism-bristle cone pine tree (Nevada) 24. What is interdependency? a. A link among all organisms--organisms depend on materials/energy from other organisms 25. What is adaptability? a. any trait, response, or action that sustains life in th eface of changes in environmental conditions 26. What are carbohydrates composed of? a. Sugars 27. What are the 3 classes of carbohydrates? a.
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This note was uploaded on 11/17/2009 for the course BIO 101 taught by Professor Lanno during the Spring '08 term at Ohio State.

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MidTerm 1 Review for BIOLOGY 101 -...

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