05 PF#5 Analisa Proses (2009) - TeknikIndustri PROCESS AND...

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Teknik Industri TI091314 /Perancangan Fasilitas/2009/#5 1 PROCESS PROCESS AND AND MATERIAL MATERIAL FLOW ANALYSIS FLOW ANALYSIS Stefanus Eko Wiratno @2009
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Teknik Industri TI091314 /Perancangan Fasilitas/2009/#5 2 Introduction Process and material flow analysis determine what process and equipment are needed and how the general material flow will take place How to develop flow and distance data , which are essential in creating layout
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Teknik Industri TI091314 /Perancangan Fasilitas/2009/#5 3 Data Requirements for Layout Decisions Frequency of trips or flow of material or some other measure of interaction between facilities Shape and size of facilities Floor space available Location restrictions for facilities, if any Adjacency requirements between pairs of facilities, if any
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Teknik Industri TI091314 /Perancangan Fasilitas/2009/#5 4 Flow Pattern To determine the general flow pattern through the system for material, parts, and work-in-process inventory is first step in the design of a manufacturing facility Flow pattern refers to the overall pattern in which the product flows from beginning to end Although the flow pattern can be changed later if necessary, it is the basis for layout development If the facility site has a limited area, then the number of flow patterns from which to choose is also limited
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Teknik Industri TI091314 /Perancangan Fasilitas/2009/#5 5 Common Flow Patterns (1) Possible flow patterns
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Teknik Industri TI091314 /Perancangan Fasilitas/2009/#5 6 Common Flow Patterns (2) Dendrite flow patterns
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Teknik Industri TI091314 /Perancangan Fasilitas/2009/#5 7 Common Flow Patterns (3) Spine flow patterns
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Teknik Industri TI091314 /Perancangan Fasilitas/2009/#5 8 Five Types of Layout After designers determining the pattern of material flow, then determine the type of layout to be used There are 5 general types of layouts: 1. Product layout 2. Process layout 3. Fixed position layout 4. Group technology–based layout 5. Hybrid layout
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Teknik Industri TI091314 /Perancangan Fasilitas/2009/#5 9 Product Layout (1) Synonym: Flow line layout, production line layout, assembly line layout, layout by product The machines and workstations are arranged along the product route in a sequence that corresponds to the sequence of operations the product undergoes Used by companies that manufacture a single or few items in large quantities, such as a car assembly plant Advantage: reduced material handling time, reduced processin time, and easier planning and control Disadvantage: the lack of flexibility
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Teknik Industri TI091314 /Perancangan Fasilitas/2009/#5 10 Product Layout (2) Once a product layout is adopted, the cost to make changes is significant, so it is not suitable for a company that makes frequent product changes 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 2 1 2 3 4 5 Press Mill Heat Treat Grind Paint Raw Mtl Storage Cast Grind Mill Drill Braze Inspeksi Packing Finished Goods Storage A B
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This note was uploaded on 11/17/2009 for the course INDUSTRIAL 2507100151 taught by Professor Stefanusekowiratno during the Spring '07 term at Institut Teknologi Bandung.

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05 PF#5 Analisa Proses (2009) - TeknikIndustri PROCESS AND...

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