Midterm Review 1A

Midterm Review 1A - Fall,2005...

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Fall, 2005 Chinese 51 Review Questions, Series 1, Part A 1. How many tones are there in modern standard Chinese? 4 2. The great majority of Chinese characters have two components. What are these two components called, and what is the function of each? Pictograph part – suggests meaning Phonetic part – suggests pronounciation 3. In Chinese, which comes first, the given name (John, Sally, etc.) or the surname (Smith, Johnson, etc.)? surname 4. In what year was China first made into a unified, imperial, bureacratic state? 221 B.C. 5. What Chinese ruler is famous for having burned books and buried scholars subsequent to the unification referred to above? Qin Shi Huang Di 6. Why does Chinese make relatively little use of words borrowed from other languages? It is tonal so each syllable represents a meaning, thus it cannot accurately borrow syllables. 7. Name an Asian language other than Chinese that is that is also tonal, and in which single syllables usually carry meaning (as in Chinese). Vietnamese 8. What is the name of the Chinese transliteration system used in this course? Pinyin 9. Write in the approximate sound values of the following Chinese initial consonants: c - ts q - ch z - dz zh - dz x - sh 10. What does the four-word idiom “three-people-create-tiger” mean? Rumors, if repeated enough, can shroud the truth 11. In the pinyin system, what sound does the letter “i” represent in the syllable zhi ? ir 12. What two steps must you follow to find a character you do not know how to pronounce in a Chinese dictionary? 1) find radical 2) count strokes 13. In Chinese what general habit of classification or arrangement is illustrated by the fact that surnames (Smith, Johnson, etc.) come before given names? Family is valued 14. Which of the following English words rhymes best with the Chinese syllable jiu ? 1) clue 2) see 3) the 4) slow 15. Which of the following English words rhymes best with the Chinese syllable hui ? 1) say 2) see 4) toy 4) tie 16. Which of the following English words rhymes best with the Chinese syllable zheng ? 1) sing 2) sang 3) song 4) sung 17. Which of the following Chinese syllables rhymes best with the English word “tongue?” 1) zhong 2) jing 3) zheng 4 zhang
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Chinese 51 Review Questions (Series 1a), Fall, 2006 2 18. Which of the following Chinese syllables is closest in sound to the the English pronoun “I?” 1) yi 2) ai 3) ei 4) e 19. Which two of the following Chinese syllables rhyme? 1) yu 2) you 3) jiu 4) zu 20. Supply four Chinese syllables, each of which exemplifies a different pronunciation of the letter “i” in the pinyin system. Zi, ai, qiong, bei 21. In the pinyin system, how are the sounds “j,” “ch,” and “sh” respectively represented in cases where the tongue is in the retroflex position? 22. In the
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Midterm Review 1A - Fall,2005...

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