Architecture Essay 1

Architecture Essay 1 - Charley Zou 902447956 The Mausoleum...

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Charley Zou 902447956 The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus was a masterpiece of architecture and one of the 7 wonders of the ancient world. Overlooking the harbor of the redesigned city of Halicarnassus, it stood for centuries as a glorious ode to the vision of an architect and the dedication of a people. Due to it's location in the Persian Empire, elements of Eastern architecture and readily apparent in it's appearance. On the other side, the obvious Greek style has perhaps the most influence on it's overall architecture. This collision and fusion of cultures is obvious when analyzing the decorations and sculptures built into this monument. From statues of Mausolus' ancestors to the infamous quadriga crowning the pyramid-like roof, each different ornament not only ordains the building but also helps describe and define the part of the building it's in. The chambers on the 2 levels of the structure are also very telling of it's original intent and design. Without wasting space, they provide visitors with an insightful look into the life and mind of Mausolus. They are all designed with a specific part of his personality in mind, resulting in the unique blend of cultural designs. It is like the architect or craftsman is leaving a clue or message to viewers and patrons, reminding them of the importance of a specific part of the building and how it relates to the overall soul of the monument. Perhaps the most appealing aspect of the Mausoleum is not the clash, but blending of Eastern and Greek architecture. Given that Pytheos, it's main architect, was the famous designer of the Temple of Athena Polias at Priene, it is no surprise that it bares many similarities with other famous Ionic buildings. Like the Temple of Athena Polias, it sits atop the city and dominates the surrounding area. It looks down upon the city and serves as a symbol and reminder of the cities glory and renewal. The fact that it overlooks the harbor in particular is also very significant because the city was very dependent on it's then newly renovated harbor for trade and defense. It acted as the life line of the city and all new
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arrivals' first sight would be that of the magnificent Mausoleum. During Mausolus' rule, he made Halicarnassus his new home and reformed the city to reflect his ambition and successes. Thus, it shares the Greek tradition of constructing great monuments upon higher ground, letting the rest of the landscape reflect upon it. Another very Greek aspect of this structure is the peristyle located on top of
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Architecture Essay 1 - Charley Zou 902447956 The Mausoleum...

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