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210 Review Sheet for Exam 1

210 Review Sheet for Exam 1 - Review Sheet for Exam#1...

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Review Sheet for Exam #1 From conception to death; an interdisciplinary field of study devoted to understanding all changes that human beings experience throughout the life span 2) Know the definition of ‘theory’ Orderly, integrated set of statements that describes, explains, and predicts behavior 3) Know the definitions of and be able to distinguish between: - continuous & discontinuous- discontinuous= stages (i.e. piaget) continuous= one smooth ride to development - nature & nurture- Nature= is it inherited Nurture- do you have to learn it? - one course of development or many Contextual- with the individual Universal- all around applies - The individual: Stable- doesn’t change Change- able to change from development 4) Know how views about children have varied in different time periods. (i.e., Medieval, Reformation, Enlightenment, etc.) Middle ages- little adults, weren’t evil or good just there John Locke- Tabula rasa, Blank Slate Jean Jaques Russeau- Noble savages; born with the knowledge of right and wrong but that experiences could change them Puritans- kids born evil and needed to be disciplined 5) For each Philosopher, Theory & Theorist, know: - names, corresponding ages and defining aspects of stages (where applicable) - know how the person or theory views each of these questions: - continuous or discontinuous - nature or nurture - universal or contexts - The individual: Stable or open to change - know concepts in and aspects of each theory that might explain actual behaviors. Locke- Tabula Rasa (blank slate) meaning that children start with knowing nothing Nurture Universal Russou- Noble Savage meaning that you are born with knowledge of right and wrong Born with the basics Nature Darwin- origin of man and evolution 6) Know aspects of each theory or philosophy, including the following: A. Psychoanalytic (Freud) - ID, Ego, Superego Id- there as Child and is our impulses (shoulder devil) Superego- stops from acting on every desire (Kronk) Ego- tells us what is right and what we can do (shoulder angel) - stages of development (names of stages, ages, etc.) 1. 0-1 years Libido is focused on the oral stage, later in life they will have an oral fixation i.e. smoke, over eat
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2. 1-3years Anal. Later in life either clean or messy, poopy jokes 3. 3-6 years Phallus libido turns sexual, want to have parent. Girls get the Electra complex Boys get the Oedipus complex Later in life they have no proper morality Become same sex parent 4. 6-11 Latency- starting to control yourself and sex drive goes to sleep. Develop values 5. puberty- focus on genitals Discontinuous stages, universal, stable, Nature (everyone does it) and nurture(how raise). B. Psychosocial (Erikson)
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210 Review Sheet for Exam 1 - Review Sheet for Exam#1...

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