5a - PRIMATE TAXONOMY THEIR GENERAL TRAITS I PRIMATE...

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1 PRIMATE TAXONOMY & THEIR GENERAL TRAITS •I . PRIMATE TAXONOMY III. GENERAL TRAITS OF EACH TAXA I.PRIMATE TAXONOMY ORDER OF PRIMATES PRIMATE SUBORDERS A. Prosimian a. Tarsier, Lemurs, Lorises B. Anthropoids 1. Monkeys a. New World monkeys b. Old World monkeys 2. Hominoids a. Gibbon & Siamangs (Hylobates) b. Great Apes (Orangutan, Gorilla, Chimpanzee, Bonobos 3. Humans SUB-ORDER: PROSIMII SPECIES 1. Lorises of Asia (India) and Africa 2. Tarsiers of Indonesia and the Philippines 3. Lemurs of Madagascar and Galagos of Africa GENERAL TRAITS Retain certain more ancestral characteristics: •moist, fleshy pad (rhinarium) at the end of their nose •Relatively long snout •pronounced reliance on olfaction (sense of smell) mark territories with scent •presence of a claw on the second toe • Diet primarily insectivore
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2 SUBORDER: Prosimian: SUBORDER: Prosimian: a. Tarsier SUB-0RDER PROSIMII Lorises tardigradus from Southeast Asia. Prosimians as a group are more similar anatomically to their earlier mammalian ancestors than are the other primates.
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3 SUB-0RDER PROSIMII: Lemurs Prosimians as a group are more similar anatomically to their earlier mammalian ancestors than are the other primates. SUB-ORDER: ANTROPOID NEW WORLD MONKEY: Platyrrhines (flat noses) Super family : Ceboidea Family: Callitrichids Species : 10 such as marmoset & Tamarin Cebids Species : 30 such as Howler monkey, Spider monkey, Capuchin etc.) SUB-ORDER: ANTROPOID PRIMATES: Monkeys, Apes and Humans.
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4 SUB-ORDER: ANTROPOID
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