11a.+Anatomically+Modern+Homo+Sapiens.ppt+[Read-Only]

11a.+Anatomically+Modern+Homo+Sapiens.ppt+[Read-Only] -...

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1 PATH TO THE HUMAN GRADE HOMINOID-HOMINID STAGE Early Hominids Australopithecines EVOLUTION OF THE GENUS HOMO Homo habilis Homo erectus EMERGENCE OF HOMO SAPIENS Archaic Homo sapiens Anatomically Modern H. sapiens HOMO SAPIENS IN THE NEW WORLD The peopling of the New World HYPOTHESIS ROOTS OF HOMO SAPIENS Recent African Origin Regional Evolution ARCHAIC HOMO SAPIENS GEOLOGICAL AGE : 600 to 400,000 years ago CLIMATE : Cold that coincided with ice age GEOGRAPHIC AREA : Africa, Europe and Asia POPULATIONS : Neanderthals most in Europe Other Archaic Africa, Asia and Europe EMERGENCY OF HOMO SAPIENS POPULATIONS ARCHAIC HOMO SAPIENS: –“Classical Neanderthal” –Other Archaic H. Sapiens Distinguishing Features –Cranio-Facial Morphology –Body Size and Body Build –Speech Capability
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2 ARCHAIC HOMO SAPIENS Versus Modern Homo sapiens Neanderthal (La Ferrese) Modern H. sapiens (Cro-Magnon) Neanderthal Anatomically Modern H. sapiens “La Ferresie”, France “Cro-Magnon”, England Homo erectus: Asia ARCHAIC HOMO SAPIENS CLASSICAL NEANDERTHAL & ANATOMICALLY MODERN HOMO SAPIENS ARCHAIC HOMO SAPIENS EUROPEAN: Spain mental foramen retromolar space Arago Atapuerca, Heidelbergensis
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3 ARCHAIC HOMO SAPIENS DISTINGUISHING FEATURES CRANIAL FACIAL MORPHOLOGY – Low forehead, massive brow-ridges like H.erectus, but unlike H. Erectus the brow-ridges are not continuous European: La Chapelle ARCHAIC HOMO SAPIENS Versus Modern Homo sapiens Cro-Magnon Neanderthal ARCHAIC HOMO SAPIENS SOUTH AFRICAN Broken Hill, Kabwe and Florisbad, South Africa •Did not retain the robust cranio-facial morphology found in H. erectus.
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4 ARCHAIC HOMO SAPIENS POPULATIONS ARCHAIC H. SAPIENS : “Classical Neanderthal” Retained some primitive features not found in modern peoples but found in H. erectus. OTHER ARCHAIC H. SAPIENS
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11a.+Anatomically+Modern+Homo+Sapiens.ppt+[Read-Only] -...

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