Test - 1. The aging of the American population at the end...

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1. The aging of the American population at the end of the 20th century was primarily due to A. fertility and mortality rates below their long-term averages. B. a record number of births after World War II. C. new methods of contraception and abortion. D. decreased immigration rates. E. the deterioration of the family unit. Explanation: Fertility and mortality rates are below their long-term averages. The record number of births after World War II ( b ) could have been replicated by subsequent generations, but were not. The fertility level in the U.S. has been less than the replacement level of 2.1 children per female since 1972. Work opportunities and better contraception ( c ) will cause this to continue despite the baby "boomlet." Immigration rates ( d ), legal and illegal, increase the non-aging population. The definition of family today ( e ) includes unmarried women with children. In 1994, 33 percent of children were born to unmarried women. Although immigration increases, the life expectancy of the aging population ( a ) has been aided by proper health care and will likely be increased because of the influence of the medical research institutions, and developments in bioengineering and gene therapy. Section: United States History Subsection: United States History
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2. Identify the fastest growing population group in the United States in the 1990s: A. Urban African-Americans B. Hispanics and Asian-Americans C. Eastern Europeans D. White Americans E. Middle Eastern immigrants Explanation: Hispanics and Asian-Americans are increasingly the fastest growing population group in the United States. By 2050, white, non-Hispanic people ( d ) will constitute only 53 percent of the population. The percentage of white, non-Hispanic children will be lower. All African-Americans ( a ) constitute 12.6 percent of the population today and are expected to be 15.4 percent of the population in 2050. The numbers of Eastern European ( c ) and Middle Eastern immigrants ( e ) do not match the immigration from Mexico, the most common country of birth for those living in the United States but not born in the United States. Section: United States History Subsection: United States History
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3. At the time President George H. Bush spoke of building "a new world order," the most significant event confronting him was A. the outbreak of civil war throughout the Balkans and the Caucasus. B. the threat of massive destruction from nuclear war. C. the rapid democratization of the Soviet bloc. D. Henry Kissinger's shuttle diplomacy in the Middle East. E. global concern regarding Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. Explanation: The rapid democratization of the Soviet bloc would cause an avalanche of change. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics would break up into separate nations and a Russia pressured by threats of further disintegration. Later, ( a ) the rise of nationalism in areas of repression would cause the outbreak of civil wars and independent attitudes. The communist party in many countries would be repudiated. Although (
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This note was uploaded on 11/18/2009 for the course HST 101 taught by Professor Struddle during the Spring '09 term at Martin Luther.

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Test - 1. The aging of the American population at the end...

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