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Midterm Study Guide

Midterm Study Guide - Soci 130 FA 2008 Midterm Study Guide...

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Soci 130 FA 2008 Midterm Study Guide The midterm will include a combination of multiple choice, true/false, fill-in-the-blank, and short answer questions 1. Identify and apply different ways of defining families. Public family- one adult, or two adults who are related by marriage, partnership, or shared parenthood, who is/are taking care of dependants, and the dependants themselves Private family- two or more individuals who maintain an intimate relationship that they expect will last indefinitely-or in the case of parent and child, until the child reaches adulthood-and who live in the same household and pool their income and household labor Census/government definition- Personal definitions- 2. Explain the following sociological theories and how they are applied to family life: functionalist theory, conflict theory, exchange theory, symbolic interaction theory, feminist theory, modernity perspective, and evolutionary psychology. Functionalist theory—looks at functions of social institutions to see how they keep society going Conflict theory—focuses on inequality, power, and social change Exchange theory—people are rational beings who make decisions based on costs and benefits Symbolic interaction theory—focuses on people’s interpretations of symbolic behavior Feminist theory—focuses on the social construction of gender differences and men’s power over women Modernity perspective—looks at choices and identities in late modern era Evolutionary psychology—people behave in ways that maximize the change of reproduction 3. Identify the major functions families serve and how they have changed over time; explain the factors leading to these changes. In the past, families fulfilled more functions than they do now Decrease in family functions related to change from familial to labor market mode of production, or industrialization Family changed from primary social organization to one of many social institutions 1
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Explanations: Change in production Reduced control of fathers Urbanization Reduced control of fathers More anonymity Increased education Delayed marriage Changed gender relations Protestant Reformation and secularization Focus shifted from church to individuals Democracy Reduced control of fathers/husbands Individualism Increased autonomy 4. Compare/contrast family life in the 1950s to family in other periods, and explain family patterns in the 1950s. Higher fertility More marriage Reasons Postwar economic boom Small cohort size Cultural emphasis on marriage and family Response to the Depression 5. Identify changes in the meaning of marriage and explain factors leading to these changes.
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