Abnormal Psych Unit 1 Review

Abnormal Psych Unit 1 Review - Abnormal Psych Unit 1 Review...

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Abnormal Psych Unit 1 Review Chp 1: Abnormal Behavior The Concerns of Abnormal Psychology A. Describing Abnormal Behavior a. Abnormal Psychology: i. The scientific study whose objectives are to describe, explain, predict, and control behaviors that are considered strange or unusual b. Description of a particular case of abnormal behavior must be based on systematic observations by an attentive professional. c. Observations + psych tests/psych hx = psychodiagnosis i. Diagnosis that is not developed carefully can end up a label that hinders rather than aids the treatment. 1. Problems with Labels a. Labels are too general b. Labels only describe a current condition rather than a past or changing circumstance 2. Solution: therapists ensure that labels are not substituted for careful investigation of a client’s condition. B. Explaining Abnormal Behavior a. Therapist must i.d. the ab behavior’s causes and determine how they led to the described behavior. C. Controlling Abnormal behavior a. Therapy: program of systematic interventions whose purpose is to modify the client’s behavioral, cognitive, affective, and/or cognitive state. b. In past, mental health services dominated by psychiatrists, psychologists, and psychiatric social workers D. Defining Abnormal Behavior a. Conceptual Definition i. Deviations from what is considered normal or most prevalent in a socialcultural context. ii. Criteria for normal vs abnormal 1. Statistical deviation a. Most widely used determinants b. Behavior that occurs least frequently c. Criticism: i. Fail to account differences in place, community standards, and cultural values ii. Doesn’t provide any basis for distinguishing between desirable and undesirable deviations from the norm iii. People who strike out in new directions, artistically, politically or intellectually, maybe seen as abnormal
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iv. May define widely distributed but undesirable characteristics like anxiety as normal 2. Deviation from Ideal Mental Health a. Concept proposed by Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow b. Concept emphasizes the importance of attaining some positive goal. The following are specific criteria for abnormal behavior: i. Maslow had goal of self-actualization; creativity ii. Psychoanalytical: consciousness (awareness of motivations and behaviors) and balance of psychic forces iii. Others: aspects of maturity (competence, autonomy, and resistance to stress) c. Criticism: i. Which particular goal or ideal should be used? ii. Goals are vague 1. i.e., if resistance to stress is a goal, are only healthy persons those who can always adapt? iii. Ideal criteria exclude too many people: most persons would be considered mentally ill by the standards 3. Multicultural Perspectives a. Culture—shared learned behavior which is transmitted from one generation to another for the purposes of individual and societal growth, adjustment, and adaptations i. Represented externally as artifacts, roles, and institutions b. Important points: i. Culture is not synonymous with race or ethnic
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Abnormal Psych Unit 1 Review - Abnormal Psych Unit 1 Review...

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