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Unformatted text preview: Language
Match the words on the left to the definitions on the right: 1.
2. Now work in pairs. Match the 8 words above to one of the following situations. If you think more than a gift a.
a reward b.
. a tip C.
a bribe d. a helpful act
. a perk e.
. hospitality f.
. a favour g.
. influence h one answer is possible, discuss the differences. friendly and generous treatment and entertainment of guests
a benefit received as part of the arrangements with your employer
something given willingly without payment the ability to obtain favourable treatment from someone something given or received for doing something good a small sum of money given to someone for their services . something given or offered in return for some, often dishonest, help 1. Your boss is retiring. The employees give her some beautiful gold earrings at her leaving party.
2. You visit a foreign company to discuss a new contract. They pay for a 5-star hotel and your expenses.
3. You want to build an extension to your house, but you need permission from the local council. You give money to one of the local councillors to make sure you get permission. 4. Your sales manager increases your business by 200% in a year. You give him a new BMW.
5. After paying the salon, you give a little extra money to the hairdresser who cut your hair. 6. You get a free lunch in the staff canteen every day.
7. You use your friendship with a member of the government to make sure that you get a particular government contract. 8. You won’t be home in time to pick up your suit from the dry cleaner’s. You ask a friend to get it. Reading Read the articles below and answer this question: All three articles involve bribery. Do they also involve corruption? 11 MATCH—FIXING IS NORMAL
According to a former club manager,
bribery in Russia’s top football
leagues is so shameless and obvious
that referees are known to ask for
more money in the middle of games.
The manager of a St Petersburg club
during the nineties said: “I’ve never
met a referee who didn’t take money.
It’s useless to play if you have no
money.” Apparently, there are three ways to
success. You can bribe the other
team, you can bribe the referee, or
you can bribe the teams that play
your rivals. If you can afford to do all
three, the championship will be
yours. Bribery and corrgption BRIBED BUS DRIVER SACKED
A bus driver from Bournemouth has
been sacked for taking his bus on an
unauthorised route. Brian Jeffries
altered the route of the number 22
service after a passenger offered him
£20 to drop him off outside his
house, which involved a two—minute
diversion. No bus stops were missed,
but one passenger was obviously
displeased and reported the incident
anonymously to the bus company.
Mr Jeffries said, “I can’t believe they
sacked me. I was just doing someone
a favour. Nobody was delayed or
inconvenienced. Whoever it was
who reported me needs to get a life.” ‘SACKS OF CASH’ The political bribery trial of the
former Indian Prime Minister, PV
Narasimha Rao, started today with
evidence from an MP that he,
received four million rupees
(£70,000) in two sacks as payment
for supporting Mr Rao in a vote in
Parliament. He did not accuse Mr
Rao directly, but named other
ministers in Mr Rao‘s government
who had organised the deal. Taboos and Issues Discussion Read the articles again and decide which answer
is best: 1. In the Russian football league you can bribe:
h. referees and other teams.
2 The man reported the bus driver because
a. he missed his stop.
h. he just thought it shouldn’t happen.
3. The Indian MP received the money from a. colleagues of Mr Rao.
h. Mr Rao himself. Answer these questions in groups: 1. Do you think a crime has been committed in
any of the three articles? 2. Can you imagine any of these things happening
in your country? 3. If you were a passenger on the bus, would you
have reported the driver or laughed and done
nothing? Discussion Language
Use the 8 nouns from the first exercise in these
sentences: 1. Her cat’s disappeared. She’s offering a ......
to the person who finds it. 2. Could you do me a . . . . . . ? I’d like some help
moving this piano.
3. He used his ...... to make sure that his daughter got into university. 4. The pay is poor but they offer good ......
— a company car and free health care. 5. The food was nothing special and the service
was awful, so I didn’t leave a ...... 6. I have a feeling they want us to enjoy their
...... and then give them the contract. 7. Three more politicians have been accused of taking ...... from businessmen in return for
8.1 hope you will accept this ...... from all of us for your excellent service over the years. Work in groups. What would you do in these situations? Choose a response or suggest an alternative. 1. A police officer stops you for speeding. She asks to see your driving licence. Would you a. just give her your driving licence? h. put some money in your driving licence and give it to her? 2. At the end of your driving test the examiner tells you that you have failed. Would you a. just feel disappointed and get out of the car? h. get out your wallet and ask how much it would cost to pass? 3. Your company is trying to win an important and lucrative government contract. The minister in
charge tells you that the contract is almost certainly yours and that he and his wife love spending their holidays in the Pacific. Would you a. do nothing and wait for a decision on who gets the contract?
h. organise a free two-week holiday in Fiji for the minister and his wife? 4. Your daughter wants to go to university but she did not pass the entrance exam. Would you
a. ask the admissions officer how much it would cost to get her in?
h. tell your daughter to re-talee the exam and stop going out every night? 5. You are a witness in a serious criminal case. A friend of the defendant offers you a large sum of money to change your evidence. Would you a. refuse to cooperate and then tell the police what had happened? h. talee the money and do what he asked? 6. You arrive at your favourite restaurant to find it is fully booked. Would you
a. give the head waiter £10 and ask him to find you a table? h. just go somewhere else? 7. A colleague at work who you are not attracted to offers to take you to your favourite opera
(or similar) after dinner at an expensive restaurant — all expenses paid. Would you a. feel tempted but say no? h. pretend suddenly to like the person and say yes?
Do you know anyone who has been involved in a bribery situation like one of these? Spend two minutes deciding how you can bribe your teacher to make your life easier! Taboos and Issues Bribery and corruption 11 ...
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- Spring '09