This paper is about a small country on the west coast of Africa called
It is a country built with the help of The American Colonization Society.
I was established to place freed blacks in the days of slavery in the United States
in the 1800s.
The government was modeled after of the United Stats.
capital and principal, port is named after a president of the united states James
This country has historical significance for african Americans.
Africa's oldest republic, established by former black American slaves, Liberia
played and important role as a model for African colones seeking independence.
Liberia's tribal peoples migrated to the area between the
12th and 16th centuries.
The Portuguese arrived in 1461 and began a trade in
ivory, pepper, and later in slaves.
In 1820, the first colonists arrived.
successful settlement was named Monrovia in 1824.
More colonists gradually arrived
and established separate colonies.
In 1847 the colonies united and Liberia became
the first independent republic in black Africa.
The new nation faced many problems.
Some of them were tribal wars, low
exports, and land claimed by other countries.
Liberia was able to maintain its
independence only with the help of the United States.
Following World War II, the
modern port, airport, hospitals, hydroelectric station, and other projects, all
financed by the United States, were opened.
There has been frequent military
conflicts and civil wars.
In August 1990, forces from several African countries
entered Liberia to try and stop the bloody civil wars.
The fighting only became
worse and the Prospects of a negotiated settlement were dim.
LAND AND RESOURCES
Liberia's straight sandy coast is 350 miles long.
broken by lagoons
and mangrove swamps.
It gives way to a low rolling plain about 20 miles wide.
Further inland, foothills ranging in height from 600 to 1000 feet high are found.
They become mountains in the north and east.
The highest point in the country is
Mt. Wutuvi which rises to 4,531 feet.
Land area of the country is 43,000 square
Liberia's rivers are short and flow parallel to one another from the
mountains to the ocean.
The largest rivers are the St. Paul, St. John, and
Liberia's tropical climate is hot and humid.
The usual temperature ranges
from 60 degrees to 87 degrees.
Annual rainfall, as much as 177 inches at the
coast, gradually decreases inland to 96 inches.
The rainy season occurs between
May and October.
A dusty winter wind blows during December.
There are 90 different kind of usable wood in Liberia's vast timber