Panama Canal 2 - PANAMA CANAL The canal is joining the atlantic and pacific oceans It runs from C Cristobal on lemon bay a part of the Caribbean

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PANAMA CANAL The canal is joining the atlantic and pacific oceans. It runs from T Cristobal on lemon bay, a part of the Caribbean sea, to Balboa, on the C Gulf of Panama. The canal is slightly more than 64 km long, not including G the dredged approach channels at either end. The minimum depth is 12.5 m, t and the minimum width is 91.5 m. The construction of the canal ranks as a one of the greatest engineering works of all time. o In history people had interest in a shorter route from the Atlantic to I Pacific. This began with the explorers of Central America early in the 16th P century. Hernan Cortez was a spanish conqeror of mexico who suggested c a canal across the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. Other explorers had favored a routes through Nicaragua and Darien. The 1 st for a canal through the r Panama was started by Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, Who in 1523 P ordered a survey of the isthmus. A working plan for the canal was drawn o up as early as 1529, but was shown to the king. In 1534 a spanish offical u suggested a canal route close to that of the present canal. Later more of the s canal plans were suggested but no action was taken upon any of these plans c suggested. s Later on there is more in the canal. The Spanish goverment L abandoned its interest in the canal but in the early 19 th century the books a of the Germam scientist Alexander von Humboldt brang back the interest o in the project of the canal, and in 1819the Spanish goverment formally i athorized the construction of a canal and the creation of a company to a build it. Nothing came of this effort, however, and the revolt of the spanish b colonies soon took control of possible canal sites out of spanish hands . c The republics of Central America tried to interest groups in the United T
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States and Europe in building a canal, and it became a subject of perennial S debate in the congress of the United States. The discovery of gold in d California in 1848 and the rush of would-be miners started the United C States interest in digging the canal. Various surveys made between 1850 S and 1875 indicated that only two routes were practical, the one across a Panama and that across Nicargua. In 1876 an international company was P organized. Two years later it obtained a consession from the Colombian o goverment. Panama was then part of Colombia to dig a canal across the g isthmus. i The United States involvement was the international company failed, T and in 1880 a French company was organized by Ferdinand Marie de a Lesseps, the builder of the Suez Canal. His company went bankrupt in 1889. L United States interest in a Atlantic-Pacific canal however continued. In
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This note was uploaded on 11/19/2009 for the course ENG 102 taught by Professor Wilis during the Fall '08 term at Academy of Art University.

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Panama Canal 2 - PANAMA CANAL The canal is joining the atlantic and pacific oceans It runs from C Cristobal on lemon bay a part of the Caribbean

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