Feb 19 - Criminal Justice Health and Welfare Spring 2008

Feb 19 - Criminal Justice Health and Welfare Spring 2008 -...

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Criminal Justice, Health, and Welfare
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Criminal Justice Rational and Irrationality in Public Policy
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Rationality and Crime Deterrence:  the goal is t o make the  o make the  costs costs  of   of  committing the crimes far  committing the crimes far  greater than any  greater than any  benefits benefits  potential criminals might derive from   potential criminals might derive from  their acts their acts
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Three Key Elements Certainty:   a crime will be  severely punished,  justice must be sure Swiftness:   punishment must be carried out  expediently  Severity:   punishment must outweigh  any potential  benefits derived from a life of crime 
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Problems With 3 Elements: Lack of certainty:   12 million serious crimes (murder, rape, robbery,  assault) are reported every year.  Only 1.7 million people are arrested for these  crimes.  1.1 million are charged with those crimes.  Only 300,000 of those charged receive jail time.  Our current criminal justice system does  NOT   ensure punishment for crime. 
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Problems (cont) Lack of swiftness:   Time works in favor of the defendant.  Long delays between crime and punishment: 1. separate the punishment from the crime in the mind of  the felon  2. only give the defendant more chance of going free. 
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Problems (cont) Question of Severity:   There are more prison inmates today, both  in number and proportion of nation’s  population, than ever before.   Longer sentences are being handed out to  ensure prisoners stay in jail. 
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Criminology and Philosophy Conservative criminals have an  internal desire to commit  crime born with it deviants employ a  cost/benefit analysis  when committing crime
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This note was uploaded on 11/21/2009 for the course PPD 225 taught by Professor Lewis during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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Feb 19 - Criminal Justice Health and Welfare Spring 2008 -...

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