22. November 28 - The Atlantic Community and the Slave Economy

22. November 28 - The Atlantic Community and the Slave Economy

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THE ATLANTIC COMMUNI TY and the SLAVE ECONOMY I. The Atlantic Community: Colonialism v. Trade II. The Slave Economy III. Abolition and “Human Rights” - Paper: Think about the contents of the document, both sides of the argument need to present in the paper. Include Economics, Property, Marriage, Politics, etc. Don’t get caught up in the natural rights. Think about the “Bigger Picture” of what they’re not saying about giving equal rights to slaves and women. - Enter the debate on human rights. - A contradiction at the heart of the Enlightenment: saying one thing, but doing another. In the salons they were talking about human rights, and they go home to their plantations and slaves. - The economy in Europe is built upon and made possible by slaves. Slaves basically paid for Old Regime leisure lifestyles. I. The Atlantic Community: Colonialism v. Trade BACKGROUND - Idea in Europe: Colonies exist purely to benefit the mother country. Result: the exploitation of these colonies are taken for granted. Result: The colonists are seen as of secondary importance to those living in the mother country. - Most of these European mother countries are interested in setting up a permanent long-term outpost as well as extract resources for the benefit of the mother country. - Question: Which is the true purpose, to make money? Or to expand the empire? In reality, it is a little of both. o Different empires and nations would have their own interpretation and thus headed in different directions with their colonies. - Rising tension between colonial impulses and trading impulses. - Colonists are expected to provide tax revenues as well as cash crops and resources. - Colonists are interested in maintaining their dignity and status, and thus they turn to slaves to do the work for them. Spain: most expansive among the European Powers, interested in creating colonies for money and converts.
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England: focused primarily in colonization, and setting up long-term colonial settlements. France: enters the colonization scene late in the game. “Scatter-shot” colonization, because many other places are already taken by other powers, thus they have a little bit of a tougher time setting up trade outposts. o Their greatest and most lucrative colonies for France were the sugar plantations in the West Indies. 7 Years War (1756-1763) o a.k.a. French & Indian War (in the Americas) o Clash between the European powers over Colonization. Evidence of the intense rivalries between the European Powers in the Atlantic Community.
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This note was uploaded on 11/21/2009 for the course HIST 103g taught by Professor Harkness during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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22. November 28 - The Atlantic Community and the Slave Economy

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