15. October 24 - The Changing Intellectual Culture - Science and Magic

15. October 24 - The Changing Intellectual Culture - Science and Magic

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THE CHANGING INTELLECTUAL CULTURE: SCIENCE AND MAGIC I. Cosmology: the Judeo-Christian Worldview II. Natural Philosophy and the University: Ars and Scientia III. Magic IV. Magic and the Occult Sciences V. The Case of John Dee - The point of all this is to show how Modern Science had its roots in Magic. I. Cosmology: The Judeo-Christian Worldview The Bible (especially Genesis): Creation o #1 Scientific Book of the time. o Theme of Separation: God separates light from dark, land from sea, heaven from earth, etc. o The science of Chemistry is associated with this theme of separation, and seen as a ways to study the creation of the world. Plato (429-347 BCE): especially Timaeus: creation o The way the creative consciousness was created as part of the human being. o As the conscious soul fell from heaven to your body, you forgot what you knew. o Rationality, related to divinity. Aristotle (382-322 BCE) : especially Physics: creation and motion o HOW the created world moves. o Foundations for the modern influences of Physics. o Two kinds of physics: (1) Physics on earth and to the moon, (2) Physics beyond the moon. Everything above the moon is perfect and unchangeable. o Important motion idea: Aristotle lays down the idea that planets and stars move in circles and spheres. (Remember this from ASTR 100?) Lucretius (99-55 BCE) : especially On the Nature of the Universe: cohesion o Cohesion: Begins the search for atoms, and how the smallest particles of the universe stick together. Galen (19-210 AD) : especially On the Natural Faculties: structures o Interested in how the human body is structured. o Makes comparisons from the human body to the rest of the universe. II. Natural Philosophy and the University ** Moving away from texts, and moving toward experimentation and observation.** - In university, natural philosophy was a very high status, theoretical mastery. -
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15. October 24 - The Changing Intellectual Culture - Science and Magic

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