This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.
This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: CATHOLIC REFORMATION OR COUNTER REFORMATION? I. Luthers Shadow and the Crisis of Authority II. Reformation Popes III. The Council of Trent IV. The Jesuits This lecture focuses on the Catholic response to the events following the Reformation. Notice the action-and-response steps of history. I. Luthers Shadow and the Crisis of Authority- Keep in mind, what Luther is doing through the Reformation is challenging the status quo, challenging the existing authority of the time period. Charles V o Realizing that the printing press was working against him, Charles V makes it a crime to buy, sell, read, or print any of Martin Luthers writings. Edict of Worms , 1521 o Set out the terms for which Martin Luther was an outlaw. o Forbade anyone to give aid or hospice to Luther.- Nonetheless, people begin to follow Luther in droves.- However, in so m e sens e this b ackfires, b ecaus e p eople h ave their own translation a nd understanding of the Reform ation and Luthers te achings, a nd start creating splinter groups a dvance their own a g e nd as Knights Revolt , 1522 o Luther is shocked by the fact that his so called followers would use the sword and viole in the n a m e of the Reform ation. o Franz von Sickingen : an early follower of Luther after the Edict of Worms, whom Luther initially turns away because he senses his radicalism. Sickingen sees the Reformation as a way to destroy the existing social and economical structures of the time. Background: Sickingen is a member of the noble class who finds himself being squeezed out of the economical and social spheres. Because of his radical views and crusades, Sickingen is declared an outlaw by Charles V before Luther (which may have influenced why Luther did not want to side with him). o Tier : Sickingen focuses his attacks on this town. o Margrave Philip of Hesse : called to defend Tier. Interesting to note, Philip was also a follower of Luthers....
View Full Document