9. October 1 - Luther's Reformation and Lutheran Family Values

9. October 1 - Luther's Reformation and Lutheran Family Values

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
LUTHER’S REFORMATION and LUTHERAN FAMILY VALUES I. Contributing Factors II. Martin Luther (1483-1546) III. The Lutheran Church IV. Luther, Family Man and Lutheran Family Values **Enter the 16 th century in this class** THINKING ABOUT the REFORMATION - Reform from within or without? - Reform from the top down, or the bottom up? - The problem of church and state . - The problem of heresy . - The problem of “loyal opposition” . I. Contributing Factors Clergy vs. Laity o Clergy: Their job is to pray for the redemption of your soul. Oversaw church services and rituals. o Laity: Those for whom religion was removed from their daily lives and experiences. o Distinctions between clergy and laity are very clear. However, there are many critics who want to see a closer relationship between the two, among them… o Devotio Moderna Believed that clergy and laity should live with each other and have daily interactions with each other. D.M. movement stressed a religious life of piety for everyone. Fusion of religious life and daily life for everyone. D.M. followers are against the idea of monasticism. They believe in everyone (laity included) should lead an active Christian lifestyle. Anticlericalism o Failure to stamp out clerical abuses Examples: Clerics who were paid to take care of congregations, but failed to fulfill their responsibilities. Often these clerics lived somewhere else entirely. Clerics and clergy who carried out the church rituals and practices incorrectly, which made people speculate whether or not they were really saved. Wrong ritual order = damnation? o Simony Buying and selling of church positions and offices. To many, it seems like the church is creating a business. These kinds of practices go against the notions of groups like the Devotio Moderna, who want a simple pious Christian life for all. o Indulgences Paid remission of one’s sins. Indulgence campaigns, used to raise money for Church projects: crusades Those who bought indulgences were given certificates absolving the person of their sins.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Again contributed to the speculation and undermining of the church’s authority and power. Secular Forces o New monarchs Ferdinand & Isabella: enter agreements to take control over the Church’s responsibilities in their area. People speculated the growing fusion between politics and religion. o Printing Press Allowed people to communicate their ideas against the church with each other. Harkness: “Without the printing press, Luther may have been just another heretic, with the printing press Luther can communicate and be outside the control of the church authority and power.” o Power of merchants The church preached the value of poverty (a message of Jesus). Rich merchants began to speculate that their wealth was a result of God’s will for them.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 5

9. October 1 - Luther's Reformation and Lutheran Family Values

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online