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Unformatted text preview: L I FE in a RENAISSANCE CI TY I. The Importance of Cities in the I talian Renaissance I I. Death & Rebirth I I I. Rome IV. Florence V. Venice ***Historians say that Renaissance started in I taly because of the politics of I taly (as much as the personalities of I taly)*** I. The Importance of Cities in the I talian Renaissance • Development of Literacy in Italy o Well-developed school-systems for boys and girls to be taught to become future merchants. • Merchant Economy boomed, and was in some sense the new form of political competition (instead of fighting and warring). • Political Organizations- Kingdoms (i.e. Sicily)- Duchies (i.e. Milan) * Dukes- Republics (i.e. Venice, Florence) * Ruling done by an elite group of citizens- Papal States **On the map, there is no real Italy, just separate political entities that are living with each other but also in competition with another*** • Communes o Groups of local powerful men who governed many Northern Italian communes centered around a capital o In medieval ages, com munes were small in size: 200-300 people. o As com munes get bigger, there is a greater need for bureaucracies to delegate the responsibilities of the communes and keep them organized. • Campanilismo o Loyalty to the com munes, to the local hometowns. o Literally loyalty to the local belltower. • Surplus Wealth o By 1450, Italian towns had more wealth than they knew what to do with. o So with this wealth, the wealthy supported local artists, philosophers. o And again competition exists between the cities over producing art. • Cosmopolitanism o Very diverse com munities of people o Muslims, Jews, Eastern Orthodoxers, Middle-Easterners o Large, International, Open-minded cities o “The World” Experience I I. Death & Rebirth • Plague, a.k.a. Black Death o Contagious disease that killed (1/3) to (1/2) the European population. • Sicily (1347) o One of the first cities to get hit and spread the plague to Europe....
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This note was uploaded on 11/21/2009 for the course HIST 103g taught by Professor Harkness during the Spring '07 term at USC.
- Spring '07
- Bubonic Plague