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Unformatted text preview: L I FE in a RENAISSANCE CI TY I. The Importance of Cities in the I talian Renaissance I I. Death & Rebirth I I I. Rome IV. Florence V. Venice ***Historians say that Renaissance started in I taly because of the politics of I taly (as much as the personalities of I taly)*** I. The Importance of Cities in the I talian Renaissance Development of Literacy in Italy o Well-developed school-systems for boys and girls to be taught to become future merchants. Merchant Economy boomed, and was in some sense the new form of political competition (instead of fighting and warring). Political Organizations- Kingdoms (i.e. Sicily)- Duchies (i.e. Milan) * Dukes- Republics (i.e. Venice, Florence) * Ruling done by an elite group of citizens- Papal States **On the map, there is no real Italy, just separate political entities that are living with each other but also in competition with another*** Communes o Groups of local powerful men who governed many Northern Italian communes centered around a capital o In medieval ages, com munes were small in size: 200-300 people. o As com munes get bigger, there is a greater need for bureaucracies to delegate the responsibilities of the communes and keep them organized. Campanilismo o Loyalty to the com munes, to the local hometowns. o Literally loyalty to the local belltower. Surplus Wealth o By 1450, Italian towns had more wealth than they knew what to do with. o So with this wealth, the wealthy supported local artists, philosophers. o And again competition exists between the cities over producing art. Cosmopolitanism o Very diverse com munities of people o Muslims, Jews, Eastern Orthodoxers, Middle-Easterners o Large, International, Open-minded cities o The World Experience I I. Death & Rebirth Plague, a.k.a. Black Death o Contagious disease that killed (1/3) to (1/2) the European population. Sicily (1347) o One of the first cities to get hit and spread the plague to Europe....
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- Spring '07
- Bubonic Plague